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«Johan Eddy Luaran i-Learn Center Universiti Teknologi MARA All right reserved. No part of this publication may reproduced or transmitted in any form ...»

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Massive Open Online



A guide for


Massive Open Online Course


Johan Eddy Luaran

i-Learn Center

Universiti Teknologi MARA

All right reserved. No part of this publication may reproduced or transmitted

in any form by any means, electronic or mechanical including photocopying,

recorded or by any storage information or retrival system, without the prior

written permission from the author.


M assive Open Online Course (MOOC) has spurred a discussion in the higher education community as to whether it can reform the teaching and learning in the aforementioned setting. MOOC, a term used to describe course offered fully online where user can obtain graduation certificate upon user’s completion of that particular course, offers an edge of education that has never been thought possible decades ago.

For educators, the current constellation of change pressures and emerging trends represent an exciting opportunity. This exciting opportunity revolves around setting a framework of learner-driven pedagogy, extending knowledge to and from global classrooms and increasing access to learning. While there are unsettled views about what MOOC can do, the need for educators to embrace active experimentation about teaching and learning cannot be understated.

This book is written with such intention, for educators who want to leverage on the open online courses to better themselves. This book serves as a guide for beginners who wish to explore the various platforms of MOOCs, namely Coursera, iversity, edX, ALISON, Canvas Network, Open Learning, Academic Earth, Future Learn, Peer to Peer University, Saylor.Org, and Udemy. There are two chapters that first introduce to the readers what MOOC is and how MOOC can serve as a medium of learning. Each chapter then starts by simply introducing the name of the MOOC platforms that follows with descriptions of the respective MOOC platforms. Readers will appreciate the inclusion of screenshots to ease their navigation in making the most out of the online resources. It is hoped that this book will provide a resource to advocate for the best possible ways to learn from the open world.

Johan @ Eddy Luaran Contents CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS MOOCs?














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A massive open online course or more commonly known as MOOC is an online course that is accessible via the web and offers unlimited participation.

According to Educause (2014), a massive open online course (MOOC) is a model for delivering learning content online to any person who wants to take a course, with no limit on attendance. MOOC incorporates both the traditional and modern course materials for learning such as videos, readings, projects, assignments and many more.

Other than that, learners can also participate in interactive user forums that are normally provided by MOOCs and these interactive forums help build a community for students, lecturers, professors, teachers and all of the users.

MOOCs are a very new development that began to develop in 2012. Some of the early MOOCs emphasized open features and open licensing of content, structure and learning goals. Those features are to promote the reuse and remixing of resources. Despite that, some newer MOOCs use closed license for their course materials but still maintain free access for users from all over the globe.

Other than that, what is best about these MOOCs is that they do not always lead to formal qualifications and there are no entry requirements. Despite that, the courses offered are recognized internationally as most of these courses are offered by renowned universities and institutions from all over the globe such as Harvard, Yale and Stanford and other leading universities in the US, the UK, Europe and Asia. All of these renowned universities and institutions provide the best materials for learners to work with and the best courses that they can learn from.

MOOCs offer university-level courses without the need to complete and entire programme of studies as they do it in the formal setting in the tertiary education. Learners of MOOCs are mostly independent learners and they are capable of studying independently and select courses from any institutions that are available online. Moreover, MOOCs are mostly video-based and interactions are mostly done through peer review and group discussion or group collaboration which will stimulate automated feedback through online assessments, quizzes and exams. This is very suitable especially for those who need to juggle their time between work and studies as MOOCs provide them to learn at their own paces unlike studying in the normal tertiary education institutions.

There are many reasons as to why one should consider being part of MOOC.

One of the reasons would be that most of the courses are free. Other than that, the lecture videos are also mostly very short that gets straight to the point and learners have the power to pause, play, rewind in case if they miss out any valuable information which they cannot do in normal lectures. In fact, the learning process can also be combined with one’s studies or jobs because learning via MOOC is very easy as the user is the one who controls the pace of his or her learning. Learning with MOOC saves time and definitely saves money.

Last but not least, the courses offered by MOOCs are mostly accessible via gadgets such as computers, mobile phones, tabs and others and this makes the learning experience much more fun as learners can learn anytime and anywhere as it does not require them to be at a specific place to learn.

Therefore, all that needs to be done now is to sign up with any MOOCs and never stop learning!


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course http://www.thecompleteuniversityguide.co.uk/distance-learning/moocsmassive-open-online-courses)/ http://www.educause.edu/library/massive-open-online-course-mooc


As MOOCs have proven to be very useful to all learners out there, it is good if MOOCs can be implemented in today’s learning sessions be it at schools, or institutions. With the implementation of MOOCs in real-life learning, it will promote the usage of technology and also create independent learners along the way. There are many ways to implement MOOCs in the current learning process.

The first method that MOOCs can be used in learning is that teachers can conduct online classes via MOOCs. All students can take up the same courses at home, do the same assignments and sit for the same online final exams.

Teachers at school can use this as a side-learning whereby it is done at home but is discussed in class. Students learn on their own through the online courses and they can bring up their issues during class at school. This will not only be interesting but it will be fun for the students as many resources and methods are involved in the learning process.

Other than that, teachers can also assign students to different online courses and that they are to complete those courses together in a specific amount of time. The objective of this is to later on share their different knowledge with each other and gain from each other. They can also share their final projects with one another and create a discussion out of the activity. This will not only create independent learners, but it will also create students with high creative and critical thinking skills.

Technology has definitely changed the lives of many especially these days.

Therefore, why not incorporate it into learning and make learning a much more fun and memorable experience for both students and teachers!

Below are some of the websites that offer MOOCs:

–  –  –


Coursera is an educational platform that provides free course online and it is available for everyone from all around the world. This educational platform collaborates with top universities worldwide to offer the best possible courses to the users. There are many courses provided by the websites including Biology, Humanities, Social Sciences and many more.

These courses take about six to ten weeks long with the aid of video lectures every week. Coursera provides quizzes, weekly exercises and many more to assess the students’ performances. With the use of Coursera, students will be able to learn at their own pace and still receive a higher education!


 Users get to learn for free.

 There is large variety of courses offered by Coursera  The assessments at the end of the course enable users to keep track of their progress.


There are many courses that you can choose from, for example, Child Nutrition and Cooking 2.0 by Stanford University as shown in the image below.

You can also save time by straight away looking up for the course or university you intend to learn from as provided in the website. Refer to the image below.

Other than searching for your desired courses manually, you can also sort out the findings according to the different categories below to make your search easier!

Once you’ve picked up a particular course, you can have an overview of the course as to what you will be learning, what are the learning methods involved and the assessments that need to be done. Other than that, you can also know your instructor and what qualifications he or she has.

Once you’re sure of the course, you can start learning straight away! For example, as shown in the image below, the course that has been chosen is Child Nutrition and Cooking 2.0 by Stanford University.

Once you have clicked the ‘Start Learning’ button, you will be directed to a page showing your course outline for the whole course in the next few weeks to come. This course heavily revolves on the use of short video clips to help you to understand easier!

For deeper understanding, let’s take a closer look on the first part of the course that is ‘Why Home Cooking Matters’ and the details of it.

Once you have watched the videos, you must take a mini test or quiz to check your understanding level of the topic before moving on as the topics will get harder. Once you’ve mastered the basics of the course, you can proceed to the next item on the course outline.

Below is a sample of the quiz. The quiz may contain a certain number of questions and can be asked in the form of ‘True or False’ question, multiple choice questions and many more. Submit your answer once you’re done and proceed to the next big item on the course outline!

Once you have completed all the items listed on the course outline and the quizzes, you are officially done with the course! If the course provides you with a completion certificate, do keep it with you for future use. Coursera is very convenient for users as it encourages users to learn in the easiest and best way possible from the comfort of their own homes. Explore the other courses provided by Coursera and start learning more!

Reference https://www.coursera.org/


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Iversity is a platform for Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) and offer opportunities to all users including students, professors, lecturers and many more to learn or even use this website as a platform to conduct online courses.

Other than that, with this website, professors are also able to extend their hand to thousands of students from all over the world. There are many different courses provided by Iversity such as medicine, biology, physics, law and many more. With Iversity, anyone from all over the globe is able to access education online for free.


 Users get to learn online anywhere and anytime.

 Money could be saved from paying for university enrollment.

 Professors could conduct online classes which are much easier to handle and monitor.

 Thousands of students can be reached by the professors just through Iversity.

 Users can also get completion certificates as a proof of their enrollment.


Signing up or logging in is made easier as Iversity allows their users to sign up via Facebook, Google account or even email. With that, there will be no extra hassle of coming up with new usernames and passwords.

Iversity provides many courses for the users and users can find for their respective desired courses as shown below. They can even filter the results according to the languages or search for the course manually in the ‘Search’ box provided as seen below.

For example, if you decide to take up on an upcoming course as shown below, you have to keep yourself updated on the starting date of the course and what the course is all about.

However, while waiting for the upcoming courses to start, you can still pursue the current courses that are provided to keep your time filled! Refer to the images below on the steps to enroll yourselves into the current courses and start learning straight away!

In order to get the general idea of the whole course, do read the details provided on the page.

Once you have enrolled yourself into the course, you will be directed to a page where you will see what you will be learning. This page is more or less like your course outlines. For a clearer understanding, refer to the image below which shows the first 4 chapters of the course.

Firstly, let’s check out the first unit in the first chapter of ‘The DO School StartUp Lab’ course provided by Iversity which is ‘How to MOCC’ with the DO School Start-Up Lab.

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