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«Note: Austria, Finland and Sweden withdrew from the Convention establishing the European Free Trade Association (the Stockholm Convention) on 31 ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

AGREEMENT

BETWEEN

THE EFTA STATES

AND

TURKEY

Note: Austria, Finland and Sweden withdrew from the Convention establishing the

European Free Trade Association (the Stockholm Convention) on 31

December 1994. In accordance with paragraph 3 of Article 33 of the Free Trade Agreement between the EFTA States and Turkey these three countries ceased to be Parties to the Agreement on the same day. Consequently, in the present text, the provisions referring to Austria, Finland and Sweden have been deleted.

PREAMBLE

The Republic of Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and the Swiss Confederation, on the one hand, (hereinafter called the EFTA States) and the Republic of Turkey, on the other hand, (hereinafter called Turkey), Recalling their intention to participate actively in the process of economic integration in Europe and expressing their preparedness to co-operate in seeking ways and means to strengthen this process;

Having regard to the Convention establishing the European Free Trade Association (EFTA);

Having regard to the Agreements between the EFTA States and the European Communities;

Having regard to the Agreement creating an Association between Turkey and the European Economic Community;

Having regard to the experience gained from the co-operation developed in the light of the aforementioned relations as well as between individual EFTA States and Turkey;

Declaring their willingness to take action with a view to promoting harmonious development of their trade as well as to expanding and diversifying their mutual cooperation in fields of common interest, including fields not covered by this Agreement, thus creating a framework and supportive environment based on equality, nondiscrimination, and a balance of rights and obligations;

Recalling the mutual interest of the EFTA States and Turkey in the continual reinforcement of the multilateral trading system and considering their capacity as Contracting Parties of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the provisions and instruments of which constitute a basis for their foreign trade policy;

Resolved to lay down for this purpose provisions aimed at a progressive abolition of the obstacles to trade between the EFTA States and Turkey in accordance with the provisions of that Agreement, in particular those concerning the establishment of free trade areas;

Considering that no provision of this Agreement may be interpreted as exempting the States Parties to this Agreement from their obligations under other international agreements;

HAVE DECIDED, in pursuance of these objectives, to conclude the following

Agreement:

–  –  –

originating in a State Party to this Agreement.

2. The provisions concerning trade in agricultural products which are not covered by paragraph 1 are contained in Article 11.

3. This Agreement applies to trade relations between, on the one hand, each EFTA State and, on the other hand, Turkey. It shall not apply to the trade relations between EFTA States, except if otherwise provided for in this Agreement.

–  –  –

Rules of origin and co-operation in customs administration

1. Protocol B lays down the rules of origin and methods of administrative cooperation.

2. The States Parties to this Agreement shall take appropriate measures, including arrangements regarding administrative co-operation, to ensure that the provisions of Articles 4 to 7, 12 and 21 are effectively and harmoniously applied, taking into account the need to reduce as far as possible the formalities imposed on trade and the need to achieve mutually satisfactory solutions to any difficulties arising out of the operation of those provisions.

3. Protocol D lays down the rules for mutual administrative assistance in customs matters.

–  –  –

1. No new customs duty on imports or charge having equivalent effect shall be introduced in trade between the EFTA States and Turkey.

2. Upon the entry into force of this Agreement, the EFTA States shall abolish all customs duties on imports and any charges having equivalent effect for products originating in Turkey as in force on 1 January 1991, except for products specified in Annexes III 2 and IV 3 for which customs duties on imports and charges having equivalent effect shall be progressively abolished in accordance with the provisions laid down in these Annexes.

3. For products originating in an EFTA State, Turkey shall progressively abolish all customs duties on imports as in force on 23 November 1970 and charges having equivalent effect as in force on the date of the entry into force of this Agreement as specified in Annexes II, IV 2 and V 4 according to the arrangements or timetables defined in these Annexes.

4. The basic duty to which successive reductions provided for in paragraphs 2 and 3 are to be applied shall, for each product, be the most-favoured-nation duty applied on the dates mentioned therein.





–  –  –

1 Article 3 was amended by Joint Committee Decision No. 4 of 2000 (16 November 2000).

2 Annex III was deleted by Joint Committee Decision No. 1 of 1998 (4 February 1998).

3 Annex IV was deleted by Joint Committee Decision No. 1 of 2004 (1 July 2004).

4 Annex V was deleted by Joint Committee Decision No. 8 of 1998 (1 July 1998).

–  –  –

1. The provisions of paragraphs 1 to 3 of Article 4 shall also apply to customs duties of a fiscal nature except as provided for in Annex VI. 1

2. The States Parties to this Agreement may replace a customs duty of a fiscal nature or the fiscal element of a customs duty by an internal tax.

–  –  –

1. No new customs duty on exports or charge having equivalent effect shall be introduced in trade between the EFTA States and Turkey.

2. Upon the entry into force of this Agreement, customs duties on exports and any charges having equivalent effect shall be abolished, except as provided for in Annex VII. 2

–  –  –

1. No new quantitative restriction on imports or exports or measures having equivalent effect shall be introduced in trade between the EFTA States and Turkey, except as provided for in Annex VIII. 3

2. Upon the entry into force of this Agreement, quantitative restrictions on imports or exports and measures having equivalent effect shall be abolished, except as provided for in Annex VIII. 2

3. For the purpose of this Agreement "quantitative restrictions and measures having equivalent effect" means prohibitions or restrictions on imports or exports into an EFTA State from Turkey or into Turkey from an EFTA State made effective through quotas, import or export licences or other administrative measures and requirements restricting trade.

1 Annex VI was deleted by Joint Committee Decision No. 9 of 1998 (14 July 1998).

2 Annex VII was deleted by Joint Committee Decision No. 2 of 1996 (19 April 1996).

3 Annex VIII was deleted by Joint Committee Decision No. 2 of 2004 (1 July 2004).

–  –  –

This Agreement shall not preclude prohibitions or restrictions on imports, exports or goods in transit justified on grounds of public morality, public policy or public security, the protection of health and life of humans, animals or plants and of the environment, the protection of national treasures possessing artistic, historic or archaeological value, or the protection of industrial and commercial property, or rules relating to gold or silver. Such prohibitions or restrictions shall not, however, constitute a means of arbitrary discrimination or a disguised restriction on trade between an EFTA State and Turkey.

–  –  –

1. The States Parties to this Agreement shall ensure that any state monopoly of a commercial character be adjusted so that no discrimination regarding the conditions under which goods are procured and marketed will exist between nationals of the EFTA States and Turkey.

2. The provisions of this Article shall apply to any body through which the competent authorities of the States Parties to this Agreement, in law or in fact, either directly or indirectly supervise, determine or appreciably influence imports or exports between the States Parties to this Agreement. These provisions shall likewise apply to monopolies delegated by the State to others.

–  –  –

1. The States Parties to this Agreement shall co-operate in the field of technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures; and through appropriate measures promote European-wide solutions. The Joint Committee shall establish guidelines for the implementation of this paragraph.

2. The States Parties to this Agreement agree to hold immediate consultations in the framework of the Joint Committee in case a State Party considers that another State Party has taken measures which are likely to create, or have created, a technical obstacle to trade, in order to find an appropriate solution.

1 As amended by Joint Committee Decision No. 3 of 1998 (4 February 1998) and No. 3 of 2009 which will enter into force when the instruments of acceptance have been deposited by all parties with the Depositary.

–  –  –

1. The States Parties to this Agreement declare their readiness to foster, in so far as their agricultural policies allow, the harmonious development of trade in agricultural products.

2. In pursuance of this objective a bilateral arrangement providing for measures to facilitate trade in agricultural products has been concluded between each EFTA State and Turkey.

3. The States Parties to this Agreement shall apply their regulations in veterinary, plant health and health matters in a non-discriminatory fashion and shall not introduce any new measures that have the effect of unduly obstructing trade.

–  –  –

1. The States Parties to this Agreement shall refrain from any measures or practice of an internal fiscal nature establishing, whether directly or indirectly, discrimination between the products originating in an EFTA State and like products originating in Turkey.

2. Products exported to one of the States Parties to this Agreement may not benefit from repayment of internal taxes in excess of the amount of direct or indirect taxes imposed on them.

–  –  –

Payments relating to trade between an EFTA State and Turkey and the transfer of such payments to the State Party to this Agreement, where the creditor resides shall be free from any restrictions.

The States Parties to this Agreement shall refrain from any exchange or administrative restrictions on the grant, repayment or acceptance of short-term and medium-term credits covering commercial transactions in which a resident participates.

–  –  –

1. The States Parties to this Agreement consider the effective liberalization of their respective public procurement markets an integral objective of this Agreement.

2. The States Parties to this Agreement shall progressively adjust the conditions governing the participation in contracts awarded by public authorities and public undertakings, and by private undertakings which have been granted special or exclusive rights, so as to ensure transparency and non-discrimination between suppliers from the States Parties to this Agreement.

3. The formulation of the practical modalities shall be entrusted to the Joint Committee and they shall be elaborated on the basis of the balance of rights and obligations between States Parties to this Agreement. The Joint Committee shall lay down the necessary scope, timetable and rules as soon as possible, taking into account the solutions agreed upon within the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and with third countries in this field.

4. The concerned States Parties to this Agreement shall endeavour to accede to the relevant Agreements in the framework of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

–  –  –

1. The States Parties to this Agreement shall grant and ensure adequate effective and non-discriminatory protection of intellectual property rights, including measures for the enforcement of such rights against infringement thereof, counterfeiting and piracy, in accordance with the provisions of this Article, Annex XII to this Agreement and the international agreements referred to therein.

2. The States Parties to this Agreement shall accord to each others’ nationals treatment no less favourable than that they accord to their own nationals. Exemptions from this obligation must be in accordance with the substantive provisions of Article 3 of the WTO Agreement of 15 April 1994 on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement).

3. The States Parties to this Agreement shall grant to each others’ nationals treatment no less favourable than that accorded to nationals of any other State.

Exemptions from this obligation must be in accordance with the substantive provision of the TRIPS Agreement, in particular Articles 4 and 5 thereof.

4. The States Parties to this Agreement agree, upon request of any State Party, to review the provisions on the protection of intellectual property rights contained in the present Article and in Annex XII, with a view to further improve levels of protection 1 As amended by Joint Committee Decision No. 4 of 1998 (4 February 1998).

–  –  –

5. The Joint Committee shall keep the implementation of intellectual property rights under review. At the request of a State Party to this Agreement consultations will take place in the Joint Committee on any matter concerning intellectual property rights.

–  –  –



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