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«Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter Entomofauna ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR ENTOMOLOGIE Band 34, Heft 17: 205-220 ISSN 0250-4413 ...»

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© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.zobodat.at

Entomofauna

ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR ENTOMOLOGIE

Band 34, Heft 17: 205-220 ISSN 0250-4413 Ansfelden, 2. Januar 2013

The tribe Osmiini (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in the north of

Iran: new records and distributional data

Ahmad NADIMI, Ali Asghar TALEBI & Yaghoub FATHIPOUR

Abstract

New records and a distributional map are provided for species of the tribe Osmiini in the north of Iran. Twenty five species of osmiine bees were collected and identified in the North of Iran during 2009-2010. Among them are six species including Osmia (Hoplosmia) bidentata MORAWITZ 1876, Hoplitis (Alcidamea) ciliaris (PÉREZ 1902), Heriades (Heriades) truncorum (LINNAEUS 1758), Heriades (Rhopaloheriades) clavicornis MORAWITZ 1875, Chelostoma (Chelostoma) diodon SCHLETTERER 1889 and Chelostoma (Gyrodromella) rapunculi (LEPELETIER 1841), which are recorded for the first time from Iran. The monotypic subgenus Rhopaloheriades is mentioned for the first time from Iran. Distribution of all species and flower preferences of the species recorded for the first in Iran are briefly discussed.

Zusammenfassung

Vorliegende Arbeit behandelt das Vorkommen von Osmiini (Hymenoptera:

Megachilidae) im Nordiran. Im Zeitraum 2009-2010 gelang der Nachweis von 25 Arten dieser Tribus. Osmia (Hoplosmia) bidentata MORAWITZ 1876, Hoplitis (Alcidamea) ciliaris (PÉREZ 1902), Heriades (Heriades) truncorum (LINNAEUS 1758), Heriades (Rhopaloheriades) clavicornis MORAWITZ 1875, Chelostoma (Chelostoma) diodon SCHLETTERER 1889 und Chelostoma (Gyrodromella) rapunculi (LEPELETIER 1841) stellen Neunachweise für den Iran dar. Auch die Untergattung Rhopaloheriades war bislang aus dem Iran nicht bekannt.

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.zobodat.at Introduction Pollination is a key function of bees in natural and agricultural ecosystems. Bee pollinators are a key component of global biodiversity, providing vital ecosystem services to crops and wild plants (POTTS et al. 2010). The great majority of flowering plants rely on wild bees for pollination, with more than 17.000 indentified species (MICHENER 2007). The tribe Osmiini NEWMAN 1834 (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) is a diverse group and contains 15 genera and 1.160 species worldwide. They are especially diversified in mediterranean and deserted climates of southern Africa, southwestern North America and the Palaearctic. With 10 genera and about 700 species, the Palaearctic osmiine bee's fauna is particularly diverse (MÜLLER 2012). Several Osmia species in Europe (e.i. O. cornuta (LATREILLE 1805)), Asia (e.i. O. cornifrons (RADOSZKOWSKI 1887) and North America (e.i. O. lignaria SAY 1837) are commercially used to pollinate the flowers of fruit trees (BOSCH & KEMP 2002).

The huge diversity of wild bees fundamentally has been unknown, particularly with regard to the plants that they visit and crops that they pollinate. The identification and classification of many important pollinator groups is inadequate so that many species are still undescribed. Increased awareness of the important role native bees play as pollinators has led to many initiatives throughout the world to document the bee fauna.

The Iranian bee fauna, which comprises more than 500 reported species, has been studied by several researchers (POPOV 1967; ESMAILI & RASTEGAR 1974; WARNCKE 1979a,b, 1980, 1991; TALEBI et al. 1995; IZADI et al. 2004; ENGEL 2006; IZADI et al. 2006;

MONFARED et al. 2009; KORGHAND et al. 2010; KHAGHANINIA et al. 2010; KHAGHANINIA et al. 2011). ASCHER & PICKERING (2012) listed about 132 megachilid species in "Discover Life's bee species guide and world checklist". We summarized here some data for Osmiine bees, which are one of the large tribes of megachilid bees in Iran.

Material and Methods

Based on an extensive survey, Osmiine bees were collected from different lowland to highland habitats (maximum about 2400 m) at weekly interval throughout flowering season in the northern regions of Iran during 2009-2010. The bees were collected using 16 malaise traps; 8 traps were set up in northern slopes and 8 traps in southern slopes of Alborz Mountains in both agro and natural ecosystem. North of Iran is characterized by two different ecological zones that separated by Alborz Mountains: Hyrcanian (Caspian) and Iran-o-Turanian zones. Hyrcanian Zone include Alborz Range forest steppe, Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forest and Caspian lowland desert. Iran-o-Turanian Zone includes both mountain and plain areas dominated by desert climate and hot summer (HESHMATI 2007). These zones form diverse and vast regions of mountain, lush irrigated lowlands, wetland and desert with a great biodiversity of bees which is associated with the diverse flora, topographical irregularity and the xeric landscapes (GRACE 2010). Additional bee material was collected by sweep net while bees were active near flowering plants.

Information for each specimen caught, such as location and altitude of the collection site, were recorded with a GPS device (Garmin geko 301). The specimens were killed in jars containing ethyl acetate. The insects were later pinned, prepared according to the © Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.zobodat.at standard methods and stored until their identification to species level. All collected specimens are deposited in the insect collection of the Department of Entomology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.





–  –  –

Results of research on the bee fauna of northern Iran revealed 25 species of osmiine bees that belong to 5 genera and 13 subgenera, including information on distributional data and plant preferences. Of these, we report here 6 species and one subgenus records of osmiine bees for the first time in Iran. Distributional map of all collected bees are provided (Fig. 1). The newly recorded taxa are indicated by an asterisk (‫.)٭‬ Chelostoma (Chelostoma) emarginatum (NYLANDER 1856) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Guilan province: Heiran (N 38° 23' 711" E 48° 36'556", 814 m), 6&& 9. V.2010; Gandvash Bala-Heiran (N 38° 23' 825" E 48° 36' 629", 822 m), 2&&

30.V.2010; Shahraj Bala-Rudsar (N: 36° 45' E 50° 20', 1600 m), 2&& 7.VI.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Austria, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Spain, France, Greece, Hungary, Croatia, Italy, Sicily, Macedonia, Portugal, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Iran (GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Oligolectic on Ranunculus (Ranunculaceae) and possibly also on closely related genera (AMIET et al. 2004; SEDIVY et al. 2008; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

*Chelostoma (Chelostoma) diodon SCHLETTERER 1889 M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Qazvin Province: Sharifabad-Alamout (N= 36° 27', E= 50°28', 2359 m), 6&& 2.VI.2009.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Greece, Cyprus, Palestine, Jordan, Syria, Turkey (UNGRICHT et al.

2008; GRACE 2010), new record for Iran.

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Oligolectic on Asteraceae with a clear preference for Asteroideae, such as Anthemis libanotica and Bellis perennis (SEDIVY et al. 2008; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

Chelostoma (Gyrodromella) proximum SCHLETTERER 1889 M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Guilan province: Deylaman- Siahkal (N= 36° 55' E= 49° 53', 1520 m), 1( 14.VI.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine, Russian Far East, Turkmenistan, Caucasus, China, Iran, Turkey (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; GRACE 2010).

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Probably Oligolectic on Campanulaceae (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; MÜLLER 2012).

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.zobodat.at *Chelostoma (Gyrodromella) rapunculi (LEPELETIER 1841) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Shahrestanak- Chalus road (N= 35° 57' 583" E= 51° 22' 339", 2305 m), 1& 6.VI.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Europe, Algeria, Morocco, Northern Asia, Palestine, Turkey, Canada, USA [Introduced]. (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; AMIET et al. 2004;

UNGRICHT et al. 2008; MÜLLER 2012), new record for Iran.

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Oligolectic on Campanula and possibly also on closely related genera (WESTRICH 1989; BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; AMIET et al.

2004; SEDIVY et al. 2008; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

Haetosmia vechti (PETERS 1974) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Peykanshahr (N= 35° 44' 30.80" E= 51° 09' 57.70", 1273 m), 4&&2(( 7.IX.2009, 1&1( 8. IX.2009, 1&2(( 27.V.2010, 2((

15.VI.2009, 2&&1( 25.VIII.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Greece, Palestine, Iran, Turkey (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998;

GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

Flower p r e f e r e n c e s : Oligolectic on Heliotropium (Boraginaceae) (MAVROMOUSTAKIS 1954).

*Heriades (Heriades) truncorum (LINNAEUS 1758) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Peykanshahr (N= 35° 44' 30.80" E= 51° 09' 57.70", 1273 m), 2&& 7.VI.2009; Malard (N= 35° 40' 051" E= 50° 56' 869", 1168 m), 3&& 18.V.2010, 3&&7(( 25.V.20102, &1( 15.VI.2010, 1& 24.VIII.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Europe, Algeria, Morocco, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Far Eastern Siberia, Cyprus, Palestine, Syria, Turkey (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012), new record for Iran.

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Oligolectic on Asteraceae with a distinct preference for the subfamily Asteroideae (KAPYLA 1978; MACIEL de ALMEIDA CORREIA 1981;

WESTRICH 1989; AMIET et al. 2004; MÜLLER 2012).

*Heriades (Rhopaloheriades) clavicornis MORAWITZ 1875 M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Malard (N= 35° 40' 051" E= 50° 56' 869",1168 m), 1& 20.IV.2010; Shahrestanak- Chalus road (N= 35° 57' 583" E= 51° 22' 339", 2305 m), 1& 20.VI.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Armenia, Greece, Tajikistan, Turkestan, Cyprus, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey (GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012), new record for Iran.

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Probably oligolectic on Asteraceae (MÜLLER 2012).

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.zobodat.at

Hoplitis (Hoplitis) flabellifera (MORICE 1901) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Mahan (N= 36° 02' E= 51°11', 1881 m), 1&

22.V.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Armenia, Palestine, Iran, Jordan, Syria, Turkey (GRACE 2010;

MÜLLER 2012).

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Polylectic with a strong preference for Anchusa (Boraginaceae) (MÜLLER 2012).

*Hoplitis (Alcidamea) ciliaris (PÉREZ 1902) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Sarziarat- Chalus road (N= 35° 55' 173" E= 51° 06' 854", 1980 m), 1( 6.VI.2010, 1& 29.VI.2010, 1( 14.VII.2010; ShahrestanakChalus road (N= 35° 58' 271" E= 51° 21' 430", 2225 m), 1( 6.VI.2010; Arange- Chalus read (N= 35° 55' 120" E= 51° 06' 154",1891 m), 1& 15.VI.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : France, Southern Continental Greece; Peleponessos, Croatia, Macedonia, Palestine, Turkey (WARNCKE 1991; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012), new record for Iran.

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Echium italicum (Boraginaceae) (a new host).

Hoplitis (Alcidamea) leucomelana (KIRBY 1802) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Malard (N 35° 40' 051" E 50° 56' 869", 1168 m), 1& 18.V.2010; Arange- Chalus road (N 35° 55' 120" E 51° 05' 154", 1891 m), 11&& 1( 15.VI.2010; Sarziarat- Chalus road (N 35° 55' 173" E 51° 06' 854", 1980 m), 3&&

22.VI.2010, 1& 29.VI.2010, 1& 14.VII.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Europe, Algeria, Northern Asia, Iran, Turkey (GRACE 2010;

MÜLLER 2012).

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Polylectic with a preference for Fabaceae; Flower visits reported include Lotus corniculatus, Melilotus officinalis, Latyrus sp. and Convolvulus sp. (GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

Osmia (Allosmia) rufohirta LATREILLE 1811 M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Guilan province: Ghazichak-Rudsar (N= 36° 45' 877" E= 50° 20' 018", 1787 m), 1& 22. IV.2010, 4&& 10.V.2010; 2&& 5(( 24.V.2010; 1&

17.V.2010; Shahraj Bala-Rudsar (N= 36° 45' E= 50° 20', 1600 m), 2&& 7.IV.2010, 1&

22.IV.2010; Ziaz-Rudsar (N= 36° 52' 547" E= 50° 13' 290", 537 m), 1& 31.V.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : South, Central and Eastern Europe, Turkmenistan, Caucasus, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, China; Turkestan, Jordan, Syria, Turkey (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Polylectic with a preference for Fabaceae (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; MÜLLER 2012).

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.zobodat.at

Osmia (Helicosmia) caerulescens (LINNAEUS 1758) M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Tehran province: Malard (N= 35° 40' 135" E= 50° 56' 944", 1168 m), 1( 15.VI.2010, 1& 22.VI.2010, 1( 6.VII.2010, 2&& 27. IV.2010; Firouz AbadRey (N= 35° 32' E= 51° 29', 1019 m), 2&& 16.V.2010; Peykanshahr (N= 35° 44' 30.80" E= 51° 09' 57.70", 1273 m), 1& 20.IV.2010, 4(( 10.VI.2010, 1( 3.VI.2010, 1&

10.VI.2010, 1& 26.VI.2010, 1& 29.VI.2010; Mahan- Chalus road (N= 36° 02' E= 51°11', 1881 m), 1& 22.V.2010; Shahrestanak- Chalus road, (N= 35° 57' 583" E= 51° 22' 339", 2305 m), 1& 8.VI.2010; Hasanakdar- Chalus road (N= 35° 57' E= 51° 22', 2300 m), 1&

13.VII.2010.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : South-, Central- and Eastern Europe, North Eourpe, Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Cyprus, Iran, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Canada, USA, India (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

Flower p r e f e r e n c e s : Polylectic, prefers Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Boraginaceae and Antirrhineae (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

Osmia (Helicosmia) dimidiata MORAWITZ 1870 M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d : Guilan province: Astaneh Ashrafieh (N= 37° 15' E= 49° 56', -13 m), 7&& 9.VII.2009; Siahkal (N= 37° 09' E= 49° 52', 46 m), 6&& 14.VI.2009.

D i s t r i b u t i o n : South Europe, Asia minor, Caucasus, Morocco, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Cyprus, Palestine, Iran, Lebanon, Turkey (BANASZAK & ROMASENKO 1998; GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).

F l o w e r p r e f e r e n c e s : Probably oligolectic on Asteraceae, visiting Cirsium syriacum, Calendula persica, Centaurea hyalolepis, Statice sinuata, Echium sericeum, Scolymus hispanicus and Marrubium vulgare apolum (GRACE 2010; MÜLLER 2012).



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