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«Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter Entomofauna ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR ENTOMOLOGIE Band 31, Heft 23: 365-372 ISSN ...»

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© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at

Entomofauna

ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR ENTOMOLOGIE

Band 31, Heft 23: 365-372 ISSN 0250-4413 Ansfelden, 19. November 2010

A Catalogue of the Cephidae (Cephoidea), Orussidae

(Orussoidea), Tenthredinidae (Tenthredinoidea) of the Malagasy

Subregion (Hymenoptera, Symphyta)

Michael MADL

Abstract

In the Malagasy subregion three families of Symphyta (Cephidae, Orussidae, Tenthredinidae) are represented. Two species of each family are recorded only from Madagascar.

K e y w o r d s : Cephidae, Orussidae, Tenthredinidae, Malagasy subregion, catalogue.

Zusammenfassung

Die Symphyta oder Blattwespen sind in der Madagassis mit drei Familien vertreten:

Cephidae, Orussidae und Tenthredinidae. Ihr Vorkommen ist auf Madagaskar beschränkt, wo jede Familie mit zwei Arten nachgewiesen ist.

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at Introduction The informal hymenopteran group Symphyta or saw flies comprises more than 8.000 species in all zoogeographical regions. In the Malagasy Subregion only three families restricted to Madagascar are represented: Cephidae, Orussidae and Tenthredinidae.

Larvae of the family families Cephidae and Tenthredinidae are phytophagous and can cause economic damage. Members of the family Orussidae are rarely collected and unique in their biology. They are parasitoids of wood-boring larvae of Coleoptera and Hymenoptera.

How to use the catalogue The catalogue is organized alphabetically and not taxonomically. Printing errors are marked with (!).

Abbreviations biol.

cat

descr

distr.

fig. (figs)............ figure (figures) pl.

tab.

tax.

typ. gen..................typus generis Acknowledgements I am indebted to Wolfgang Brunnbauer and Manuela Vizek (both Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria) for their support in preparing the catalogue.

Annotated Catalogue Family C e p h i d a e Subfamily A t h e t o c e p h i n a e Genus Athetocephus BENSON 1935 Description: BENSON 1935: 541.

Typus generis: Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935.

Distribution: Malagasy Subregion.

Valid species: 2.

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at Athetocephus maculatus BENSON 1935 Athetocephus maculatus n.sp.: BENSON 1935: 549 (descr. (, Madagascar).

Athetocephus maculatus BENSON 1935: KLIMA 1937: 48 (cat.).

Athetocephus maculatus BENSON 1935: BENSON 1946: 105 (cat.).

Athetocephus maculatus BENSON 1935: QUINLAN 1974: 231 (tax., Madagascar).

Athetocephus maculatus BENSON 1935: MUCHE 1981: 243 (key), 244 (tax., descr. (, Madagascar).

Athetocephus maculatus BENSON 1935: CHEVIN 1984: 305 (tax., descr. ( &, Madagascar), 306 (key).

Athetocephus maculatus BENSON 1935: MAGIS & PAULY 2001: 112 (biol., Madagascar).

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Madagascar: Prov. Toliara: Belalanda, Fort-Dauphin, Ifaty.

Endemic.

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935 Athetocephus madecassus n.sp.: BENSON 1935: 538 (fig. 1), 541 (key), 542 (figs 5, 5a), 543 (fig.

8), 546 (fig. 16), 548 (typ. gen., descr. ( &, fig.18, Madagascar).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: KLIMA 1937: 48 (cat.).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: BENSON 1946: 105 (cat.).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: PAULIAN 1961: 201 (fig. 77).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: QUINLAN 1974: 231 (tax., Madagascar).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: MUCHE 1981: 243 (key, tax., descr. ( &, Madagascar).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: CHEVIN 1984: 306 (key, tax., Madagascar).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: ABE & SMITH 1991: 11 (cat., typ. gen.).

Athetocephus madecassus BENSON 1935: BASIBUYUK & QUICKE 1997: 1581 (Madagascar).

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Madagascar: Prov. Antsiranana: Vallée du Sambirano, Nosy Mitsio.

Endemic.

References ABE M. & D.R. SMITH (1991): The Genus-group Names of Symphyta (Hymenoptera) and Their Type Species. – Esakia 31: 115 pp.

BASIBUYUK H.H. & D.L.L. QUICKE (1997): Hamuli in the Hymenoptera (Insecta) and their phylogenetic implications. – Journal of Natural History 31 (10): 1563-1585.

BENSON R.B. (1935): On the Genera of the Cephidae, and the Erection of a new Family Syntexidae (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). – Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 10th series 16 (95): 535-553.

BENSON R.B. (1946): Classification of the Cephidae. – Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 96 (6): 89-108.

CHEVIN H. (1984): Note sur les Hymenopteres Tenthredinoides (XI). – Bulletin de la Societe Linneenne de Lyon 53 (9): 303-309.

KLIMA A. (1937): Cephidae – Syntexidae. – In: HEDICKE H. (ed.), Hymenopterorum Catalogus 2: 53 pp.

MAGIS N. & A. PAULY (2001): Captures récentes du Cephide Athetocephalus maculatus BENSON, 1935 (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). – Notes Fauniquesde Gembloux 44: 112.

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at MUCHE W.H. (1981): Die Cephidae der Erde (Hym. Cephidae). – Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Neue Folge 28 (4-5): 239-295.

PAULIAN R. (1961): La zoogéographie de Madagascar et des iles voisines. – Faune de Madagascar 13: 484 pp.





QUINLAN J. (1974): The nominal taxa described by R.B. BENSON and their types, with a bibliography of his works (Hymenoptera). – Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology 30 (4): 215-265.

–  –  –

Genus Chalinus KONOW 1897 Description: KONOW 1897: 605.

Typus generis: Oryssus plumicornis GUÉRIN-MÉNEVILLE 1848.

Distribution: Ethiopian and Palaearctic Region.

Valid species: 1.

Chalinus oberthueri (de SAUSSURE 1890) Oryssus oberthüri n.sp.: de SAUSSURE 1890: pl. 20 (figs 5, 5a-d, p, t &).

Oryssus oberthüri (de SAUSSURE 1892): SCHULZ 1906: 103 (tax.).

Mocsarya oberthuri (!) (de SAUSSURE 1890): BENSON 1935: 7 (tax.).

Mocsarya oberthuri (!) (de SAUSSURE 1890): BENSON 1936: 2 (cat.).

Mocsarya oberthuri (!) (de SAUSSURE 1890): BENSON 1938: 3 (cat.).

Mocsarya oberthüri (de SAUSSURE 1890): GUIGLIA 1945: 91 (tax., cat.).

Oryssus oberthüri de SAUSSURE 1892: PAULIAN 1961: 201 (cat.).

Mocsarya oberthueri (de SAUSSURE 1892): GUIGLIA 1965: 4 (cat.).

Chalinus oberthueri (de SAUSSURE 1890): VILHELMSEN 2001: 367 (cat.), 375 (tax.).

Chalinus oberthueri (de SAUSSURE 1890): VILHELMSEN 2007: 117 (tax.).

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Madagascar: without locality.

Endemic. Record is doubtful.

Genus Leptorussus BENSON 1955 Description: BENSON 1955: 19.

Typus generis: Leptorussus africanus BENSON 1955.

Distribution: Ethiopian Region.

Valid species: 1.

Leptorussus madagascariensis VILHELMSEN 2007 Leptorussus madagascariensis sp.n.: VILHELMSEN 2007: 117 (descr. &, Madagascar), 118 (figs AF, tab. 1: tax.).

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Madagascar: Prov. Toliara: Beza Mahafaly Reserve.

Endemic.

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at References BENSON R.B. (1935): On the genera of Orussidae. With an Account of the African Species (Hymenoptera Symphyta). – Occasional Papers of the Rhodesian Museum 4: 1-10.

BENSON R.B. (1936): A new species of Moscarya KONOW in Syria (Hymenoptera Symphyta).

– Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, B, 5 (1): 2-3.

BENSON R.B. (1938): On the Australian Orussidae, with a Key to the Genera of the World (Hymenoptera, Symphyta).

– Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 11th series, 2 (7):

1-15.

GUIGLIA D. (1945): Catalogo degli Orissidi di tutto il mondo. – Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria 62: 85-111.

GUIGLIA D. (1965): Orussidae. – In: FERRIÈRE Ch. & J. van der VECHT (eds), Hymenopterorum Catalogus (nova editio) 1: 18 pp.

PAULIAN R. (1961): La zoogéographie de Madagascar et des iles voisines. – Faune de Madagascar 13: 484 pp.

SAUSSURE H. de (1890): Histoire Naturelle des Hyménoptères. – In: GRANDIDIER A.(ed.), Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar Volume XX: I-XXI, 1-176, pls 1-20.

SCHULZ W.A. (1906): Strandgut. – In: SCHULZ W.A., Spolia Hymenopterologica. ― Paderborn (JUNFERNMANNsche Buchhandlung Albert PAPE): 76-269.

VILHELMSEN L. (2001): Systematic revision of the genera Chalinus KONOW, 1897 and Moscarya KONOW, 1897 (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). – Insect Systematics and Evolution 32 (4): 361-380.

VILHELMSEN L. (2007): The Phylogeny of Orussidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) Revisited. – Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 65 (2): 111-118.

–  –  –

Genus Athalia LEACH 1817 Description: LEACH 1817: 126.

Typus generis: Tenthredo spinarum FABRICIUS 1793.

Distribution: Ethiopian, Oriental and Palaearctic Region.

Valid species: 1.

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892 Athalia malagassa n.sp.: de SAUSSURE 1892: pl. 27 (figs 15, 15a, b Madagascar).

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: KONOW 1905: 94 (cat.).

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: SCHULZ 1906: 103 (tax.).

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: KONOW 1908: 164 (key), 166 (tax., descr. ( &, Madagascar).

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: ENDERLEIN 1919: 355 (Madagascar).

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: FORSIUS 1931: 6 (Madagascar).

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: PAULIAN 1950a: 351 (biol., Madagascar).

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: PAULIAN 1950b: 375 (tax., descr. ( & larva, biol., Madagascar), 376 (fig. 19), 377 (figs 20a-e), 378 (figs 21a-e), 379 (figs 22a, b), 380 (figs 23ah), 381 (fig. 24).

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1892: PAULIAN 1961: 201 (cat., Madagascar), 360 (tax.), 410.

Athalia malagassa de SAUSSURE 1890: BENSON 1962: 337 (tax., biol., Madagascar), 340 (cat., biol.), 346 (tax., cat.), 368 (key), 370 (cat.).

Athalia malagasssa de SAUSSURE: RECKHAUS 1997: 139(tax., descr., biol., Madagascar), 153.9 (figs. 31a, b), 153.10 (fig. 32), 159 (biol.), 262 (biol.), 329 (biol.).

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Madagascar: Prov. Antananarivo: Ambodimanga, surroundings of Antananarivo – Prov. Toliara: Fort Dauphin.

Endemic.

Subfamily Selandriinae Genus Dulophanes KONOW 1907 Description: KONOW 1907: 132.

Typus generis: Dulophanes morio KONOW 1907.

Distribution: Ethiopian Region.

Valid species: 1.

Dulophanes atratus (ENDERLEIN 1913) Phanodules tenuis PASTEELS 1949: PASTEELS 1950: 278 (Madagascar).

D i s t r i b u t i o n : Madagascar: Prov. Antananarivo: Antananarivo.

Known from the Ethiopian Region.

References BENSON R.B. (1962): A revision of the Athaliini (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). – Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology, 11 (7): 335-382.

ENDERLEIN G. (1919): Symphytologica II. Zur Kenntnis der Tenthredininen. – Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde Berlin 1919 (9): 347-374.

FORSIUS R. (1931): Notes on a Collection of Ethiopian Oryssoidea and Tenthredinoidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera).

– Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 10th series, 8 (43):

1-36.

KONOW F.W. (1905): Hymenoptera. Fam. Tenthredinidae. – In: WYTSMAN A. (ed.), Genera Insectorum 29: 176 pp.

KONOW W. (1908): Ueber die bisher bekannten Athalia-Arten Afrikas (Hym). – Zeitschrift für Systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterologie 8 (3): 164-169.

PASTEELS J.J. (1950): Sur les Tenthredinoidea Africains du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle. – Revue Francaise d’Entomologie 17 (4): 271-280.

PAULIAN R. (1950a): Recherches sur les Insectes d’importance biologiques de Madagascar I:

Les Chenilles du Chou à Madagascar. – Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, Série A, 3 (3): 347-352.

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at

PAULIAN R. (1950b): Recherches sur les Insectes d'importance biologique de Madagascar VII:

Athalia malagassa SAUSS., la Tenthrède Malgache de la rave (Hymenopt. Symph.). – Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, Série A, 3 (3): 375-382.

PAULIAN R. (1961): La zoogéographie de Madagascar et des iles voisines. – Faune de Madagascar 13: 484 pp.

RECKHAUS P. (1997): Maladies et ravageurs des cultures maraicheres. A l’exemple de Madagascar. – Weikersheim (MARGRAF): 402 pp.

SAUSSURE H. de (1892): Histoire Naturelle des Hyménoptères. – In: GRANDIDIER A. (ed.), Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar Volume XX: 177-590, pls 21SCHULZ W.A. (1906): Strandgut. – In: SCHULZ W.A., Spolia Hymenopterologica. ― Paderborn (Junfernmannsche Buchhandlung Albert PAPE): 76-269.

Notes on Cibdela janthina (KLUG 1834) (Argidae)

Cibdela janthina (KLUG 1834) was successfully introduced for biological control of Rubus alceifolius POIRET (Rosaceae) into Réunion in 2007 and 2008. The introduction causes a serious economic problem in the honey production. As the political discussion is still going on, Cibdela janthina is not included in the catalogue.

–  –  –

Valid species and genera are printed in bold and invalid names in normal letters.

Index to genera Athetocephus BENSON

Chalinus KONOW

Leptorussus BENSON

Athalia LEACH

Dulophanes KONOW

Index to species atratus ENDERLEIN, Dulophanes

maculatus BENSON, Athetocephus

madecassus BENSON, Athetocephus

oberthueri de SAUSSURE, Chalinus

madagascariensis VILHELMSEN, Leptorussus

malagassa de SAUSSURE, Athalia

tenuis PASTEELS, Phanodules

oberthuri de SAUSSURE, Mocsarya

oberthüri de SAUSSURE, Mocsarya

oberthüri de SAUSSURE, Oryssus

© Entomofauna Ansfelden/Austria; download unter www.biologiezentrum.at

Author's address:

Michael MADL Internationales Institut für Entomologie Naturhistorisches Museum Burgring 7 A-1010 Wien, Austria E-mail: michael.madl@nhm-wien.ac.at

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