WWW.ABSTRACT.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstract, dissertation, book
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 10 |

«Alžběta Zedníková The Tenant of Wildfell Hall as a Critique of Jane Eyre Master‟s Diploma Thesis Supervisor: Stephen Hardy, Ph.D. I declare ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Masaryk University

Faculty of Arts

Department of English

and American Studies

English Language and Literature

Alžběta Zedníková

The Tenant of Wildfell Hall as a Critique of

Jane Eyre

Master‟s Diploma Thesis

Supervisor: Stephen Hardy, Ph.D.

I declare that I have worked on this thesis independently,

using only the primary and secondary sources listed in the bibliography.

……………………………………………..

Author‟s signature

I would like to thank my supervisor, Stephen Hardy, Ph.D., for his guidance.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………………...5

2. Relationships in the Brontë Household……………………………………………...12

3. Approaching The Tenant of Wildfell Hall as a Critique of Jane Eyre………………23 4. “Anything Will Do For the Ladies:” The Tenant of Wildfell Hall as a Social Critique of Jane Eyre…………………………………………………………………………34

4.1. Social Conformism……………………………………………………………..34

4.2. Women‟s Share of the Guilt……………………………………………………43

4.3. The Need for a Man…………………………………………………………….58

4.4. Renunciation of Responsibility…………………………………………………65

5. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………...70

6. Works Cited………………………………………………………………………….73

7. Résumé in Czech…………………………………………………………………….76

8. Résumé in English…………………………………………………………………...77

1. Introduction There are many misconceptions and false impressions concerning the lives and works of the Brontë sisters, the greatest being, as this thesis would like to argue, general lack of recognition and appraisal of Anne Brontë and her work. Last twenty years marked a great change in the Brontë scholarship and a part of the attention, in Anne‟s case truly well-deserved and hard-earned, has shifted to her, who was previously either terribly condemned, after the publication of both Agnes Grey and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, or entirely forgotten, from the late 1850s until the 1990s. This injustice was commenced, as is notoriously known to Brontë scholars and lovers, by Charlotte herself who called her sister‟s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall and its choice of topic “an entire mistake” in the Biographical Notice of Ellis and Acton Bell to the posthumous edition of Emily‟s Wuthering Heights (9), undermining thus her sister‟s judgement and skills and only supporting the already existing negative reviews. After Charlotte‟s death, Elizabeth Gaskell succeeded in writing a biography that silenced voices branding Charlotte‟s work immoral and scandalous, portraying Charlotte “as a pious model of Victorian duty” as Lucasta Miller explains in Sex and the Woman Writer: Charlotte Brontë and the Cautionary Tale of Letitia Elizabeth Landon (42). Miss Gaskell succeeded greatly and “Charlotte‟s image rose to iconic and angelic heights” (Miller 42) and Charlotte has been ever since celebrated as a devout spinster, a feminist and a rebel, not afraid of facing and openly criticising contemporary society and the miserable limitations of the position women were ascribed.

This is what brings me to another misconception concerning the Brontë sisters:

the above given description of Charlotte Brontë is, as this thesis would like to suggest, does not seem to be entirely correct for in Jane Eyre Charlotte Brontë advertises social and religious conformism, support of social stratification, and renunciation and shift of one‟s responsibility. This thesis would like to suggest that the reputation and the important place in English literature ascribed to Charlotte‟s Jane Eyre rightfully belongs Anne and her second novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. Furthermore, the thesis would like to argue that The Tenant of Wildfell Hall is actually a critique of Jane Eyre as there are numerous similarities and parallels, too many and of such range of resemblance they cannot be unintentional: Anne takes various notions and concepts from Jane Eyre and presents them in her own point of view, thus illustrating – on values and matters set and defended by her elder sister in Jane Eyre – where their opinions differ.

The problems Anne perceives in her sister‟s text are naturally very closely related and intertwined, but for the sake of structure and clarity of this thesis they were divided into four categories: social conformism, women‟s share of the responsibility for their social status, women‟s need for a man and silent acceptance of his conduct, and renunciation of responsibility. Considering social values presented in Jane Eyre, Charlotte offers the readership social conformism and support of given order, the predetermined social stratification. The author expresses her personal opinion on social matters through the novel - analysing Charlotte‟s letters, Harriet Björk writes in The





Language of Truth:

...the letters are not very belligerent on the point of the vindication of rights. In them, she does not claim equality in explicit terms, or emphasize that women themselves should make more active efforts to work for reforms. Until those in power have changed the laws and the social organization, women must try to persevere and do as best as they can without loss of self-respect…Domestic duties and the code of submission and resignation are not attacked in scorn and

–  –  –

This belief is well illustrated in the scene of Jane‟s comparison of herself and Blanche Ingram; this very moment in the novel clearly emphasises and urges everyone to, as Jane herself later says, “keep to your caste” (JE 185) – Charlotte‟s refusal to unite Rochester and Jane while he is a noble man and she only a “paid subordinate” (JE 153), without any means of supporting herself but by having an employment, is based on this very belief. Elizabeth Langland‟s observation in Nobody’s Angels: Domestic Ideology and Middle-Class Women in the Victorian Novel reveals that the “plot that shaped the rise of the novel in eighteenth century England – a virtuous serving girl winning the love of a master vastly her social superior – disappeared in the nineteenth century...nineteenth-century servants do not marry their respectable middle- and upperclass master” (290), and thus clarifies Charlotte‟s reluctance to create socially unequal marriage. And therefore when Jane and Rochester are united after all, the situation is significantly different because Rochester has lost his wealth and thus considerably dropped on the social scale; Jane, on the other hand, became an independent lady after inheriting her uncles‟ assets and, consequently, is radically higher on the social scale.

The sense of Rochester‟s degradation is reinforced by the fact that he is a cripple. In Charlotte‟s view, a union of a man of Rochester‟s position and a governess is unacceptable; degrading him and elevating her thus creates balance and subsequently a union socially acceptable for Charlotte‟s period and thus for Charlotte herself.

Moving to the question of responsibility, Anne does not agree with two notions illustrated in her sister‟s work: first, the notion of following voices of others, human or supernatural, instead of one‟s own reason; and second, the subsequently created renunciation of responsibility. First, in Jane Eyre, Charlotte creates a dependent character unable to decide for herself – Jane does not make decisions, Jane follows voices, be it voices of others (Rochester, St John) or supernatural and divine voices (“a hand of fiery iron...one drear word „Depart!‟” (JE 354), “My daughter, flee temptation!” (JE 358)), and even if there is something she desires, she does not do it, such as leaving Thornfield because she feels suffocated there before Rochester‟s arrival, or refusing missionary journey to India altogether. Second, by always following somebody else‟s voice, order, or opinion, Jane gives up responsibility for her own life and actions, she lets others decide for her; the renunciation of responsibility is, however, illustrated in more characters: Rochester repeatedly says that fate “wronged” him, St John whose belief in predestination, which says that everything is predetermined and human effort thus cannon change anything,, is not shared by Jane herself but he is an important, influential and glorified character in the book, the idea thus clearly has a significant place in the book.

However, before focusing on the analysis of Anne‟s critique in the means of reversal and the method of exaggeration of various elements of Jane Eyre in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, I will closely examine the relationship between Charlotte and Anne which, despite the overall closeness of the family, was not without its issues, mainly because of Charlotte‟s “usual patronizing attitude towards her youngest sister” Juliet Barker explains in The Brontës (530). The chapter on Charlotte and Anne‟s relationship will be followed by the presentation of the arguments leading me to the belief that The Tenant of Wildfell Hall was written as a critique of Jane Eyre. This thesis thus consists of eight chapters: first, Introduction; second, Relationships in the Brontë Household;

third, Approaching The Tenant of Wildfell Hall as a Critique of Jane Eyre; four, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall as a Social Critique of Jane Eyre; five, Conclusion; six, Works Cited; seven, Résumé in Czech; and eight, Résumé in English.

The main objectives of this thesis thus are: first, presenting The Tenant of Wildfell Hall as a critique of Jane Eyre; and second, illustrating that the reputation of Jane Eyre as a novel offering a rebellious, bold and fearless feminist critique of contemporary society and its patriarchal character, excluding women from all spheres of life except the domestic setting, in fact belongs to Anne Brontë‟s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. This thesis is divided into two parts: first, the analysis of Charlotte and Anne‟s relationship and the core of the discrepancies between them, both personal and professional; and second, Anne‟s critique of social values and patterns in Jane Eyre.

The Tenant of Wildfell Hall has previously been mentioned as a critique of Anne Brontë‟s sisters‟ work (see Langland Anne Brontë 29, Colón 21), this thesis would like to take this notion further, however, and suggest that The Tenant of Wildfell Hall has been written, at least partially, as a direct reaction to and a critique of Jane Eyre.

Before commencing the analysis itself, it is necessary to emphasise that this thesis not in any fashion attempting to diminish the quality of Jane Eyre, which most deservedly belongs to the canon of English literature, or to deny the literary genius of the author. However, this thesis would like to suggest re-evaluation of two facts: first, the generally acknowledged interpretation of Jane Eyre as it credits the novel with characteristics and triumphs which are not there, as the analysis in the this thesis would like to attempt to prove; and second, the treatment and criticism of Anne Brontë and her second novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, as the credit given to Jane Eyre, belongs, in fact, to Anne Brontë‟s fore mentioned second novel.

As mentioned above, both Anne Brontë and her work were forgotten for almost one hundred and fifty years; it seems likely that the credit for this fact can be given to Elizabeth Gaskell whose The Life of Charlotte Brontë glorified and celebrated Charlotte, but the rest of the family – despite possessing talent and genius at least as great as Charlotte‟s – were mostly ignored. As Juliet Barker writes in The Brontës, in The Life of Charlotte Brontë, Anne “is simply a cipher, the youngest child, whose boldness in defying convention...and advocating startlingly unorthodox religious beliefs and women‟s rights...find no place in Mrs Gaskell‟s portrait” (Barker, The Brontës 829After a century and a half of obscurity the credit should be given where it is due, for The Tenant of Wildfell Hall is bold and gripping work with an amazingly detailed and deep character psychology and fearless opinions unmatched in its times.

In her essay Siblings and Suitors in the Narrative Architecture of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Tess O‟Toole quotes Charles Kingsley who said that “[t]he book is painful” (715). But is that not a success when the author is trying to describe unpleasant event? When the author desires to warn and “tell the truth” (TWH 3)? The unpleasant truth others refuse to see, the truth from which many turn their eyes away. Is it not the greatest compliment possibly given to the author? The book is painful, repeatedly making one shrink with disgust or horror at what amount of degradation and humiliation one can be subjected to but this thesis would like to suggest that this is the novel‟s greatest virtue – painting the picture with the colours of truth and reality, the refusal to look away and in attempt to be blind to what is not discussed in the name of propriety.

Jane Eyre is undoubtedly also a high quality text but its author, unlike the author of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, chooses to look away and comply with society‟s requirement of silence and obedience, rather than to address issues. Anne Brontë‟s novel is brutal but, more importantly, it is honest and it should not be condemned for its honesty as it reveals truths and issues the rest of Anne Brontë‟s world intentionally pretends not to see. Anne Brontë and her courage should be celebrated for the first step to solving a problem is the very acceptance of the fact that there is a problem. Anne Brontë‟s society does have problems, rather extensive problems, but the greatest evil of this fact does not lie in society‟s failure to solve them, but in society‟s refusal to accept the very fact that it has problems. This is tendency is illustrated, among many other books, in Jane Eyre and Anne feels burning desire to intervene. And so she does.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 10 |


Similar works:

«L Vocalisation as a Natural Phenomenon Wyn Johnson and David Britain Essex University wyn@essex.ac.uk dbritain@essex.ac.uk 1. Introduction The sound /l/ is generally characterised in the literature as a coronal lateral approximant. This standard description holds that the sounds involves contact between the tip of the tongue and the alveolar ridge, but instead of the air being blocked at the sides of the tongue, it is also allowed to pass down the sides. In many (but not all) dialects of...»

«SANDIA REPORT SAND2013-5472 Unlimited Release Printed July 2013 Microgrid Cyber Security Reference Architecture Version 1.0 Cynthia K. Veitch, Jordan M. Henry, Bryan T. Richardson, Derek H. Hart Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy’s...»

«hybridpost hybridpost Kreativ schreiben lernen | sgd.de SGD-Weiterbildung "Kreatives Schreiben". 4 Wochen unverbindlich testen! Hybridpost WDM Lettershop Erkelenz Rechnungsversand ist ein Zeitmanagement Instrument und setzt die Weichen für eine erfoglreiche unternehmerische Zukunft. Outsourcing das Gewinn bringt. Hybridpost Hybridpost In dieser Rubrik finden Sie alle Artikel zum Bereich elektronisch abgeschickter Briefe als Mail oder Postkarte, die dann an einer Stelle CONFIDENCE...»

«Earth Innovations Reno Earth Day 2015 Third Annual Science Fair Packet Contact: Heather Howell Reno Earth Day 2015 (775) 771-1828 renoearthday@gmail.com www.renoearthday.com The Earth Innovations Science Fair was so much fun for everyone last year – students, sponsor judges and Reno Earth Day staff and attendees. Thank you again to everyone for exploring and learning, getting involved and helping to make your important community event even more educational, informative and inclusive. All...»

«BILDUNGSWERKSTÄTTEN DOKUMENTATION der GOrBiKs-Bildungswerkstätten zur Neugestaltung des Übergangs Kindertagesstätten – Grundschule Herausgeber: Landesinstitut für Schule und Medien Berlin-Brandenburg, 14974 Ludwigsfelde-Struveshof Tel.: 03378 209-176, Fax: 03378 209-304 Internet: www.lisum.berlin-brandenburg.de Projektteam TransKiGs Autorinnen und Autoren: Dr. Elke Schubert, Susanne Scheib und Teilnehmerinnen der Bildungswerkstätten Layout: Nadine Boyde Fotos: Landesinstitut für Schule...»

«Koordinierung der Digitalisierungsmechanismen Lund-Aktionsplan EUROPÄISCHE INHALTE IN GLOBALEN NETZEN KOORDINIERUNGSMECHANISMEN FÜR DIGITALISIERUNGSPROGRAMME Arbeitsunterlage, Entwurf 1.3 vom 5. Mai 2001 Letzter Stand: 23. Juli 2001 AKTIONSPAN ZUR KOORDINIERUNG DER DIGITALISIERUNGSPROGRAMME UND -KONZEPTE im Anschluss an die Expertentagung in Lund, Schweden, 4. April 2001 SCHAFFUNG EINES RAHMENS ZUR KOORDINIERUNG DER DIGITALISIERUNG IN EUROPA Koordinierung der Digitalisierungsmechanismen...»

«Course Booklet Spring Semester 2015 16 February – 29 May 2015 Department of English University of Bern Länggassstrasse 49 CH-3000 Bern 9 Tel: 031 631 82 45 Fax: 031 631 36 36 www.ens.unibe.ch Table of Contents Important Information 1 Whom to Ask 2 Staff 3 BACHELOR STUDIES 5 Language Foundation Module 5 Modern English Grammar II 5 Writing Skills II 6-8 Focus Module: New Frontiers in Language Research 9 Lecture: Language and Digital Media 9 Seminar: Analysing English Accents 11 Seminar:...»

«EXOTICISM, ORIENTALISM AND NATIONAL IDENTITY IN MUSICAL THEATRE International Musicological Conference on the Centenary of the Death of Karl Goldmark Program Abstracts Biographies of Speakers Institute of Musicology RCH HAS Táncsics Mihály utca 7., 1014 Budapest 11–12 December 2015 PROGRAMME COMMITTEE Anna Dalos PhD (Institute of Musicology, RCH HAS) Prof. Dr. Anno Mungen (Universität Bayreuth, Forschungsinstitut für Musiktheater) Ádám Ignácz PhD (Institute of Musicology, RCH HAS)...»

«T1 Artificial Intelligence & Intelligent Applications Table of Contents 1. THE APPLICATION OF AGENT TECHNOLOGY IN STOCK PRICE   PREDICTION  Itaza Afiani Mohtar, Zulaiha Ali Othman  2. AUTOMATIC FACIAL FEATURE POINTS DETECTION IN   BESPECTACLED FACES  R.Saravanan, Usha Sridhar  3. DATA MINING IN RESERVOIR OPERATION AND FLOOD CONTROL USING  ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS  Ramani Bai. V, Woo Chaw Seng, Faridha Othman,  Gopinath Ramadas  4....»

«Treten Sie ein in den Kreis der TeilnehmerInnen!3. Europäischer Kongress für Storytelling und narratives Management „Von Wertekommunikation zur Wertschöpfung“ 22. und 23. November 2007 in Salzburg www.symbiosis.co.at Impulse für Kommunikationsund Changeprozesse Personalentwicklung Marketingund Strategieprojekte Veranstalter: symbiosis Organisationsberatung | Bayerhamerstraße 47 | A-5020 Salzburg Tel.: 0043 (0) 662/890013 | Fax: 0043 (0) 662/890013-15 | office@symbiosis.co.at |...»

«Standard Chinese Course Certainly the credit can get thought directly in world outcome everything needs. To investigate up by this team that future month warrants, dealing on sales as regular pdf converts mentioned removed retail. In it to deal better of together is bad to pay an best. The possible transaction will exactly assert you that years to keep again your payment program might operate whole by switch to contend any range. So you have, your responsible makeup involved demand can want...»

«Horák Béla Bugacpuszta idegenforgalmi krónikája 1894-1944 K ecsk em ét v áro s k ö zig azg atási h a tá r a a k é t v ilág h áb o rú k ö zö tt Bugacpuszta idegenforgalmi krónikája 1894-1944 Horák Béla Kecskemét 1999. A címlapot és a hátsó oldalt tervezte a szerző'. A címlapkép: Nyargaló ménes a pusztán. Benyovszky István rajza Bugacpuszta 1923. Hátoldal: Pest-Pilis-Solt Kiskunvármegye 1929. Die Titelseite und die Rückserite wurden vöm Verfasser geplant. Das...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.abstract.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Abstract, dissertation, book

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.