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«AAnglistik Universität Trier Anglistik VeranstaltungskommentarWS 2007/08 A. Sprachwissenschaft Vorlesungen 2301 Semantics and Pragmatics Stubbs ...»

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AAnglistik

Universität Trier

Anglistik

VeranstaltungskommentarWS 2007/08

A. Sprachwissenschaft

Vorlesungen

2301 Semantics and Pragmatics Stubbs

Vorlesung, Mo. 14:15 - 15:45

Beschreibung: In this course of lectures I will discuss major concepts in recent semantics and

pragmatics (e.g. reference, denotation, connotation, vague language). I will discuss some major

approaches rather briefly: structural semantics and semantic field theory (e.g. work by John Lyons and others from the 1960s onwards), speech act theory (e.g. work by John Searle and Paul Grice from the 1970s), and cognitive semantics (e.g. work by Charles Fillmore and Dick Hudson since the 1980s). But I will spend most time on the view that semantics is an empirical study, which must be based on the observation of actual language use. This view has developed out of largely British work, from J R Firth in the 1930s and 1940s, via M A K Halliday from the 1960s onwards, to work on large computer-readable corpora by J McH Sinclair from the 1990s. This corpus-based work has been very influential in the development of dictionaries for advanced learners. Some of the main ideas are discussed in M Stubbs (2001) Words and Phrases: Corpus Studies of Lexical Semantics.

Blackwell. The book is useful reading for the course (but the lectures will not be a summary of the book). Other references: see Hauptseminar on Semantics and Pragmatics.

This is a survey course for Grundstudium or Hauptstudium. It is intended to help students prepare for the Zwischenprüfung, Staatsexamen or Magisterprüfung. Examinations require that students show "knowledge of modern linguistic theories and methods, and be able to apply them".

2300 Introduction to Language and Linguistics Sand Vorlesung, Mo. 16:15 - 17:45, Audimax A Für Studierende im Grund- und Hauptstudium Beschreibung: The lecture course is devised as a broad survey of language and linguistics, providing the backdrop for the Übung Introduction to Linguistics and the more advanced classes in linguistics. It will cover characteristics of language and key concepts in linguistics, as well as questions of data and methodology.

Übungen 2303 Introduction to Linguistics (Group 1) Schäfer Do. 16:15 - 17:45, B 14 B Einführung in die Sprachwissenschaft: regelmäßige Teilnahme, aktive Mitarbeit, Essay, Test, Klausur Beschreibung: Linguistics, the academic discipline which studies human language, is, broadly speaking, concerned with two questions: Firstly, what is human language and what are its characteristics? Secondly, what does its study involve? In this course, we will deal with various ways of describing the structure of language (its sounds, words and sentences), the meaning of language, the use of language and the role of language in human cognition, and we will discuss questions such as these: Is language specifically human? How can the structure of English sentences best be described? How good are machines at understanding human language? What did English look (and sound) like 600 years ago? The course will be based on George Yule’s The Study of Language (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 32006). Students are advised to buy a copy of the book, but this is not a requirement. Regular preparation and regular revision are indispensable requirements for the course. Attending the introductory lecture on linguistics is recommended.

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Beschreibung: Linguistics, the academic discipline which studies human language, is, broadly speaking, concerned with two questions: Firstly, what is human language and what are its characteristics? Secondly, what does its study involve? In this course, we will deal with various ways of describing the structure of language (its sounds, words and sentences), the meaning of language, the use of language and the role of language in human cognition, and we will discuss questions such as these: Is language specifically human? How can the structure of English sentences best be described? How good are machines at understanding human language? What did English look (and sound) like 600 years ago? The course will be based on George Yule’s The Study of Language (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 32006). Students are advised to buy a copy of the book, but this is not a requirement. Regular preparation and revision are indispensable requirements for the course. Attending the introductory lecture on linguistics is recommended.

–  –  –

Beschreibung: Linguistics is the study of language, and in this course, you will be given an introduction to various aspects involved in this study. We will discuss issues such as the grammatical analysis of sentences, relationships between words, and the influence of gender on language use.

The course will be based on George Yule. (2006). The Study of Language. 3rd ed. Cambridge:

CUP.

2051 Lernplattformen: Blended Learning Weber Di. 10:00 - 12:00 B Teilnahme an der Projektarbeit und Präsentation der Projektergebnisse C Für Anglisten Projektschein, für Studierende der Fremdsprachlichen Erwachsenenbildung beliebiges Studienelement nach Rücksprache.

Beschreibung: Hands-On Seminar zur Konzipierung und Erstellung von Lernmaterialien im Blended-Learning-Modus. Projektschein für Anglisten, für Studierende der Fremdsprachlichen Erwachsenenbildung beliebiges Studienelement nach Rücksprache.





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Beschreibung: In dieser Übung wird versucht, vor dem Hintergrund klassischer Konzeptionen der Landeskunde die neueren Ansätze zum interkulturellen Lernen im Fremdsprachenunterricht zu sichten und kritisch zu systematisieren. Dazu arbeiten wir im Seminar zunächst in der Form der Kartenmoderation, um zu einer Übersicht über die unterschiedlichen Konzeptionen zu gelangen.

Danach stehen methodische Fragen im Mittelpunkt. Die Fachdidaktikscheine werden aufgrund der Mitarbeit bei der Kartenmoderation sowie einer schriftlichen Zusammenfassung ausgestellt.

Gleiches gilt für die Scheine des Zusatzstudiums Fremdsprachliche Erwachsenenbildung. Die Ablegung der studienbegleitenden Prüfung in Fachdidaktik im Anschluss an das Seminar ist möglich.

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Beschreibung: The English Department of this university has a long tradition of teaching medieval English. For reasons of staff shortage, no course in either Old English or Middle English can be offered this semester. Instead, a course in Early Modern English is offered. It counts as a course in historical linguistics. Early Modern English, prototypically the English of Shakespeare and Bacon, of the Authorised Version of the Bible and of Ascham’s The Schoolmaster, but also the English which extends to much more ʽmodern’ authors such as Locke, is, at first sight, more accessible than Old English or Middle English, but still requires systematic study to be grasped more fully. Dealing with historical linguistics, independent of the period, can be a highly rewarding enterprise as it enhances one’s understanding of contemporary English. It is also useful in that it allows students to’recycle’ their knowledge of linguistics, of grammatical patterns, of word-formation processes, of semantic change etc., and to apply it to a new field.

The course will be based on Terttu Nevalainen: An Introduction to Early Modern English. Oxford:

Oxford University Press, 2006, a deceptively short but densely written book which contains a barrage of information on both the ʽinner’ and the ʽouter’ development of the language of this period. Students will not be able to cope with the course without thorough, regular preparation and revision. Buying a copy of the book is recommend but not a requirement.

2307 British and American English Schäfer Fr. 10:15 - 11:45, B 12 A Einführung in die Sprachwissenschaft B Proseminarschein moderne Sprachwissenschaft: Regelmäßige Vorbereitung, aktive Mitarbeit, Präsentation und (für benoteten Schein) Hausarbeit oder Klausur Beschreibung: The first and major part of the course will deal with two topics, the characteristics of the two major varieties of English and the development of a standard language in England. A survey of the principle differences between the two major varieties - mainly, but not exclusively, the lexical and phonological differences - will be given, some practical exercises of ʽtranslating’ from one variety to the other will be provided, and texts on the imposition and the nature of a standard will be discussed. In the second part of the course, some further varieties, both geographical and social, will be discussed.

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Beschreibung: What is a text? And what is a genre? What is the structure of certain types of discourse? And in what way do for instance addressee, place and time influence a text? These are some of the questions which we will discuss in this course. Other topics will be for instance the notion of a text as a network, the concepts of cohesion and coherence, and characteristic features of written and spoken language.

You should have read at least one of the following books before the class starts: Hoey, Michael.

(2001). Textual Interaction. An Introduction to Written Discourse Analysis. London, NY:

Routledge. Swales, John M. (1990). Genre Analysis. English in Academic and Research Settings.

Cambridge: CUP. Brown, Gillian & Yule, George. (1983). Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: CUP.

2305 Pidgins and Creoles Sand Proseminar, Mo. 14:15 - 15:45 B Reading assignments, active participation, one oral presentation, final exam Beschreibung: Many linguists consider pidgin and creoles exceptional languages, because of the fact that they tend to share certain linguistic features, regardless of the languages involved in their development. They are also comparatively young, but well-documented languages which can thus provide insights into processes of linguistic change. In this class, we will look at a variety of English-lexifier pidgins and creoles from the Atlantic and Pacific region, such as Jamaican Creole or Tok Pisin, and discuss various theoretical models to explain their origins and most salient features. The following textbook is recommended for purchase, but will be supplemented by reading materials from a variety of sources: Sebba, Mark. 1997. Contact Languages: Pidgins and Creoles. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Please register for this class in STUD-IP.

2308 Linguistic stylistics of literary texts Stubbs Proseminar, Mo. 16:15 - 17:45 Beschreibung: Stylistics studies the linguistic patterns in poems, short stories, novels, etc, and considers how this analysis helps in their literary interpretation. The course requires weekly practical text analysis of poems (e.g. by William Shakespeare, William Wordsworth, W B Yeats) and short stories and extracts from novels (e.g. by Joseph Conrad, Charles Dickens, E M Forster, Ernest Hemingway, Sylvia Plath, Malcolm Bradbury).

Für Studierende mit bestandenem Einführungskurs in die Linguistik. Proseminarschein:

regelmäßige Teilnahme, aktive Mitarbeit, Zwischentest, Abschlußtest oder Hausarbeit.

Preparation. Before the course, you must read at least one of the following (this will be tested in the first session). (1) H G Widdowson (1992) Practical Stylistics. OUP. (2) M Toolan (1996) Language in Literature. Arnold. (3) P Verdonk (2002) Stylistics. OUP. (4) J-J Weber ed (1996) The Stylistics Reader. Arnold. (The articles by Burton, Carter, Fowler, Mills, and Widdowson.) You must register for the course in STUD-IP. A package of teaching materials for this course will be available in STUD-IP by September. You MUST also download and print your own copy before the first session.

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Beschreibung: Die Gesprächsanalyse geht davon aus, dass Texte und Diskurse strukturell und funktional nicht immer wieder neu konstituiert werden, sondern sich aufgrund sozialer Konventionalisierungen regelhaft entfalten und aufgrund dieser konventionalisierten Praxis zu Text- und Diskurstypen zusammenfassen lassen. Ein wesentliches Erkenntnisinteresse der Gesprächsanalyse richtet sich deshalb auf den Bereich der typologischen Erfassung und Systematisierung von Texten und Diskursen. Die wissenschaftliche Gesprächsanalyse beschäftigt sich auf einer weiteren Ebene mit der Erfassung/Beschreibung der strukturellen und funktionalen Organisation einzelner Text- und Diskurstypen bzw. für deren Baupläne und Ablaufmuster. In den einzelnen Teilen von Text- und Diskurstypen lassen sich dann in der Regel deutliche Gruppen von Sprachhandlungern (Sprachfunktionen/speech acts) finden, die sich aus der kommunikativen Funktion des jeweiligen Diskursabschnittes ergeben. Schließlich interessiert sich die Gesprächsanalyse für die Art und Weise der linguistischen Realisierung der einzelnen Sprachhandlungen und gelangt damit in den ‚klassischen’ Bereich von Grammatik und Lexik.

Interessant ist in diesem Zusammenhang die Erkenntnis, dass ein großer Teil der text- und diskursspezifischen Sprachhandlungen linguistisch stereotyp ist und sich jeweils als ʽlexical phrase’ oder Routineformel realisiert. Nach einer grundlegenden Behandlung dieser Aspekte werden wir im zweiten Teil des Seminars die Bedeutung des gesprächsanalytischen Ansatzes für die Fachdidaktik erarbeiten und in praktischen Übungen umsetzen.

Seminare 2309 Codeswitching Sand Hauptseminar, Di. 14:15 - 15:45 B Reading assignments, active participation, one oral presentation, termpaper Beschreibung: One of the hallmarks of the linguistic behaviour of bilinguals is codeswitching, i.e.

frequent alternations between the two (or more) codes available to them. In the course of the semester, we will look at various linguistic models developed to account for codeswitching and related phenomena, such as style-shifting or code-mixing, but also analyze actual data involving English and other languages, such as Spanish or French. Please register for this class in STUD-IP.

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