«World War I Sources at the Hocken Collections ‘The Hospital ship Maheno at Port Chalmers’, Otago Witness, 12 January 1916. World War I, 1914—18 ...»
World War I Sources at the
‘The Hospital ship Maheno at Port Chalmers’, Otago Witness, 12 January 1916. World War I,
1914—18 - Reader Access File, Pictorial Collections
Hocken Collections/Te Uare Taoka o Hākena,
University of Otago Library
Nau Mai Haere Mai ki Te Uare Taoka o Hākena:
Welcome to the Hocken Collections
He mihi nui tēnei ki a koutou
kā uri o kā hau e whā arā,
kā mātāwaka o te motu,
o te ao whānui hoki.
Nau mai, haere mai ki te taumata.
As you arrive We seek to preserve all the taoka we hold for future generations. So that all taoka are
properly protected, we ask that you:
place your bags in the lockers provided • leave all food and drink including water bottles in the lockers (we have a lunchroom off • the foyer which everyone is welcome to use) bring any materials you need for research and some ID in with you • sign the Readers’ Register each day • Beginning your research This guide gives examples of the types of material relating to World War I and New Zealand held in the collections. It does not list every item – the collections are large and new material is frequently added. However, reading this information will provide you with suggestions and a guide to searching for further material. All Hocken items must be used within the library.
Published material - books, pamphlets, newspapers and maps – can be searched for and ordered via the LCoNZ publications catalogue (which lists material from all libraries on the university campus) at http://otago.lconz.ac.nz/ Archives and manuscripts can be searched for and ordered via the Hākena archives catalogue at http://hakena.otago.ac.nz/nreq/Welcome.html (you must be in the Hocken Collections building to place an order from this catalogue).
To search and order material from the pictorial collections, please enquire with the collections staff (upstairs).
If you have any enquiries about ordering or other research questions please ask the reference desk staff – they will be happy to assist you.
Contents Publications Official war histories 4 Regimental/unit histories of the 1920s 4 General works 6 Rolls 6 Personal accounts 7 Māori and the war 8 Nurses and doctors 8 Women and the home front 9 Pacifism and conscription 9 War memorials and graves 10 War veterans 10 Newspapers 10 Military newspapers and magazines 11 Troopship magazines 12 Music 13 Maps 13
Publications Official histories and examples of other useful publications are listed below. This list is far from exhaustive and new works relating specifically to this war appear regularly. Other items can be found with a basic search on the LCoNZ publications catalogue using the subject heading World War 1914‐1918. Numerous subheadings relate specifically to New
Zealand, for example:
World War, 1914‐1918 – Economic aspects – New Zealand • World War, 1914‐1918 – New Zealand – Songs and music • World War, 1914‐1918 – Participation – New Zealand •
Books relating to specific battles and campaigns are catalogued under:
World War, 1914‐1918 – Aerial operations • World War, 1914‐1918 – Campaigns • World War, 1914‐1918 – Naval operations • Official war histories
New Zealand’s official history of World War I appeared in four separate volumes:
H. T. B. Drew, ed., The War Effort of New Zealand: A Popular History of (a) Minor Campaigns in which New Zealanders Took Part; (b) Services Not Fully Dealt With in the Campaign Volumes; (c) The work at the bases (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1923).
C. Guy Powles (from material compiled by A. Wilkie), The New Zealanders in Sinai and Palestine (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1922).
Hugh Stewart, The New Zealand Division, 1916‐1919: A Popular History Based on Official Records (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1921).
Fred Waite, The New Zealanders at Gallipoli (Auckland, Whitcombe & Tombs, 1919, second edition 1921). Also available electronically at the New Zealand Electronic Text Centre http://www.nzetc.org/ The Hocken also holds the official Australian war history, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914‐1918, published in 12 volumes during the 1920s and 30s.
Regimental/unit histories of the 1920s In addition to the official histories, General Headquarters oversaw the publication of individual unit histories, which were commissioned by the units themselves. The following
works (not all of which are ‘official’) are held by the Hocken:
S. S. Allen, 2/ Auckland 1918: Being a Partial Record of the War Service in France of the 2/ Auckland Regiment during the Great War (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1920).
N. Annabell, Official history of the New Zealand Engineers during the Great War 1914‐1919… (Wanganui: Evans, Cobb & Sharpe, 1927).
W. S. Austin, The Official History of the New Zealand Rifle Brigade (Wellington: Watkins, 1924).
O. E. Burton, The Auckland Regiment: Being an Account of the Doings on Active Service of the First, Second and Third Battalions of the Auckland Regiment (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1922).
A. E. Byrne, Official History of the Otago Regiment, NZEF in the Great War, 1914‐1918 (Dunedin: J Wilkie, 1921).
J. R. Byrne, New Zealand Artillery in the Field, 1914‐1918 (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1922).
A. D. Carbery, The New Zealand Medical Service in the Great War, 1914‐1918 (Auckland:
Whitcombe & Tombs, 1924).
James Cowan, The Maoris in the Great War: A History of the New Zealand Native Contingent and Pioneer Battalion: Gallipoli 1915, France and Flanders 1916‐1918 (Auckland: Maori Regimental Committee, 1926). Also available electronically at the New Zealand Electronic Text Centre http://www.nzetc.org/ David Ferguson, The History of the Canterbury Regiment, NZEF, 1914‐1919 (Auckland, Whitcombe & Tombs, 1921).
J. H. Luxford, With the Machine Gunners in France and Palestine: The Official Historyof the New Zealand Machine Corps in the Great World War 1914‐1918 (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1923).
A. Briscoe Moore, The Mounted Riflemen in Sinai and Palestine: The Story of New Zealand’s Crusaders (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1920).
J. C. Neill, The New Zealand Tunnelling Company, 1915‐1919 (Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1922).
C. G. Nicol, The Story of Two Campaigns: Official War History of the Auckland Mounted Rifles Regiment, 1914‐1919 (Auckland: Wilson & Horton, 1921).
W. E. L. Napier, With the Trench Mortars in France (Auckland: Alpe Bros, 1923).
C. G. Powles, ed, The history of the Canterbury Mounted Rifles 1914‐1919 (Christchurch:
Whitcombe & Tombs, 1928).
Regimental History of New Zealand Cyclist Corps in the Great War, 1914‐1918 (Auckland:
Whitcombe & Tombs, 1922).
General works There are many more recent books relating to New Zealand and World War I – try searching
the LCoNZ publications catalogue. Some of the most useful general works are:
Nicholas Boyack, Behind the Lines: The Lives of New Zealand Soldiers in the First World War (Wellington: Allen & Unwin, 1989).
John Crawford & Ian McGibbon, eds, New Zealand’s Great War: New Zealand, the Allies & the First World War (Auckland: Exisle Publishing, 2007). A collection of 32 essays on a wide range of topics relating to New Zealand and the war.
Glyn Harper, Dark Journey (Auckland: HarperCollins, 2007). Includes material on three key New Zealand battles of the Western Front – Passchendaele, the Second Battle of the Somme and the Battle of Bapaume.
Glyn Harper, Massacre at Passchendaele: The New Zealand Story (Auckland: HarperCollins, 2000). Includes a list of those killed at Passchendaele, with details of unit and next of kin.
Glyn Harper, Spring Offensive: New Zealand and the Second Battle of the Somme (Auckland:
HarperCollins, 2003). Includes a list of those killed in the battle, with details of unit and next of kin.
Ian McGibbon, ed., The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Military History (Auckland, Oxford University Press, 2000). There is a copy of this very useful general reference on the ready reference shelves.
Christopher Pugsley, The ANZAC experience: New Zealand, Australia and Empire in the First World War (Auckland: Reed, 2004).
Richard Stowers, Bloody Gallipoli: The New Zealanders’ Story (Auckland: David Bateman, 2005). Includes a list of those killed in the battle, with details of unit and next of kin.
Matthew Wright, Western Front: The New Zealand Division in the First World War 1916‐18 (Auckland: Reed, 2005).
Rolls The Appendices to the Journals of the House of Representatives (available on the ready reference shelves) include, in the defence department reports, a wide array of statistical information relating to the defence forces. There are a few nominal lists, for example, the AJHR for 1919, section H-19G, is a list of members of the NZEF Maori Reinforcements who were killed or
wounded, and also those who received decorations. Other published rolls at Hocken are:
New Zealand Expeditionary Force Roll of Honour (Wellington: Government Printer, 1924).
Includes alphabetical lists of those who died at war, after discharge (as a result of wounds or disease contracted during active service) and during training.
Register of Maoris (Arranged in Approximate Order of Districts) (Wellington: Government Printer, 1918). This roll was compiled under the auspices of the Military Service Act 1916, using census information, to enable the conscription of Maori. On the circumstances of its compilation, see Paul Baker, King and country call: New Zealanders, conscription and the Great War (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1988).
Wayne McDonald, Honours and Awards to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Great War 1914‐1918 (Napier: Helen McDonald, 2001). Gives details of honours and awards, including mentions in despatches.
Robert Troup, Southland Soldiers and their Next of Kin: Roll of Honour (Invercargill:
Southland New, c.1919). Roll of all Southlanders who served in the expeditionary force.
Arranged alphabetically with four different lists according to date of embarkation.
Rolls of the entire New Zealand Expeditionary Force and Reserve List for the 1914-1918 war are available on microfiche – check the “N.Z. Military” folder on the microfiche shelves. This folder also includes microfiche lists of World War I casualties, and an index to New Zealanders who served in other forces during World War I. World War I deaths are also listed on microfiche – these are filed along with the other death register indexes on the microfiche shelves.
A New Zealand WWI Service Personnel and Reserves Index is also available for electronic searching – this is loaded onto the database computers.
For a useful article on researching individuals serving in the NZEF, see A. Ron Jones, “Fishing for the NZEF: New Zealand Expeditionary Forces 1914-18 Military Records,” New Zealand Genealogist, Jan/Feb 1994, pp. 17-26.
Personal accounts There are numerous published personal accounts of the war – check the LCoNZ publications catalogue under the subject heading World War, 1914‐1918 – Personal narratives, New Zealand.
Useful edited collections include:
Glyn Harper, ed, Letters From the Battlefield: New Zealand Soldiers Write Home 1914‐18 (Auckland: HarperCollins, 2001).
Jock Phillips, Nicholas Boyack and EP Malone, The Great Adventure: New Zealand Soldiers Describe the First World War (Wellington: Allen & Unwin, 1988).
Nicholas Boyack and Jane Tolerton, In the Shadow of War: New Zealand Soldiers Talk About World War One and Their Lives (Auckland: Penguin, 1990).
Māori and the war See the essay by Ashley Gould, “Maori and the First World War”, in Ian McGibbon, ed., The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Military History (Auckland, Oxford University Press, 2000).
There is a copy of this book on the ready reference shelves. Books on Māori and the war
Rikihana Carkeek, Home Little Maori Home: A Memoir of the Maori Contingent, 1914‐1916 (Wellington: Totika Publications, c.2003). The diary of a First Maori Contingent soldier.
James Cowan, The Maoris in the Great War: A History of the New Zealand Native Contingent and Pioneer Battalion: Gallipoli 1915, France and Flanders 1916‐1918 (Auckland: Maori Regimental Committee, 1926). The official regimental history. Also available electronically at the New Zealand Electronic Text Centre http://www.nzetc.org/ Christopher Pugsley, Te Hokowhitu a Tu: the Maori Pioneer Battalion in the First World War (Auckland: Reed, 1995). Includes nominal rolls of the Maori Contingents and Reinforcements.
There is some discussion of Māori and conscription in:
Paul Baker, King and Country Call: New Zealanders, Conscription and the Great War (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1988) Michael King, Te Puea: A Life (Auckland: Reed, 2003).
Nurses and doctors For publications relating to medical and nursing services, including personal accounts, check the LCoNZ publications catalogue under the subject headings New Zealand Army
Medical Corps and World War 1914‐1918 – medical care. Useful books include:
A D Carbery, The New Zealand Medical Service in the Great War, 1914‐1918 (Auckland:
Whitcombe & Tombs, 1924). The official regimental history.
Peter Rees, The Other Anzacs: Nurses at War, 1914‐1918 (Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 2008). Includes material relating to both Australian and New Zealand nurses.
John Meredith Smith, Cloud over Marquette (Christchurch: Fiesta, 1990). An account of the sinking of the troopship Marquette, which was also carrying a New Zealand Army Medical Corps hospital.
Two general histories of New Zealand military nurses include those serving in World War I:
Sherayl Kendall and David Corbett, New Zealand Military Nursing: A History of the Royal New Zealand Nursing Corps, Boer War to Present Day (published by the authors, Auckland, c.1990).