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«S3 - 84 Phaeocollybia olivacea A.H. Smith ROD name Phaeocollybia olivacea Family Cortinariaceae Morphological Habit mushroom Description: CAP 40-110 ...»

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S3 - 84

Phaeocollybia olivacea A.H. Smith

ROD name Phaeocollybia olivacea

Family Cortinariaceae Morphological Habit mushroom

Description: CAP 40-110 mm in diam., umbonate, viscid to glutinous, uniformly dark olive

overall when young but later becoming pale brown to olive-brown. GILLS nearly free, pale

tan when young but soon becoming rusty brown with wavy to eroded edges. STEM up to

200 mm long over all with aerial portion up to 80 mm, 10-20 mm in diam. at apex, equal or

enlarged down to the ground where it can reach 40 mm across, stuffed with an off-white conspicuous fibrillose pith. PSEUDORHIZA tapered, long, origin well below ground level.

ODOR of raw cucumbers, soon fading. TASTE not distinct. PILEIPELLIS a two-layered ixocutis with a thick, gelatinous, hyaline top layer and a bottom layer containing inflated floccose hyphae with brown walls in KOH. CHEILOCYSTIDIA thin walled, clavate. CLAMP CONNECTIONS absent. SPORES ovate with an abrupt projecting snout in face view, 8-11 x 5µm, walls warty-rugulose roughened except over smooth apical beak and suprahilar plage.

Distinguishing Features: Phaeocollybia pseudofestiva also produces green-capped sporocarps, but they are smaller, usually hollow-stemmed, producing much shorter, rounder spores, and have refractive, capitulate cheilocystidia with thick-walled, narrow necks.

Distribution: Endemic to western United States from central Oregon coast south to Santa Cruz Co., California. CALIFORNIA, Del Norte Co., Crescent City; Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, west of Smith River bridge on Hwy. 199; Humboldt Co., north fork of Mad River; Prairie Creek State Park, Davison Rd.; Marin Co., 16 km east of Fairfax;

Audubon Canyon Ranch, Volunteer Canyon; Mendocino Co., Jackson State Forest, Aleuria Glen; Jackson State Forest, Woodland campground; Mendocino; Van Damme State Park, end of Fern Canyon loop; Shasta Co., Castle Crags State Park, Castella;

Siskiyou Co., Rogue River National Forest, trail 954, Red Buttes Wilderness; Six Rivers National Forest, Klamath Mountains, 4.8 km up road to Haypress; Sonoma Co., Kruse Rhododendron State Reserve; Yuba Co., Bullard’s Bar Recreation Area, Hornswoggle group campground; OREGON, Benton Co., about 0.8 km on Oregon State University Rd. 761; on trail; Bureau of Land Management (BLM), 4.8 km south of Glenbrook; BLM, Mary’s Peak; BLM, Mary’s Peak Resource Area, Rickard Creek;

Corvallis; McDonald State Forest; Paul Dunn Forest, 4.8 to 6.4 km from Hwy. 99W; Philomath; Siuslaw National Forest (SNF), Mary’s Peak; Clackamas Co., near Estacada; Mount Hood National Forest, Douglas trail; Coos Co., BLM, Bronson Creek; BLM, Big Creek; BLM, Sandy Creek off Rd. 29-10-14.2 at jct. of Rd. 29-10-2.1; Douglas Co., BLM, South River Resource Area, near jct. of Rds. 29-8-9.5 and 29-9-9.0; BLM, near Jim Creek; BLM, Swiftwater Resource Area, south of Yellow Creek Mountain;

Josephine Co., BLM, Grants Pass Resource Area, 4.8 km southeast of Holcomb Peak; Grants Pass; Lane Co., BLM, 1.6 km north of Castle Rock; BLM, near BLM Rd. 19-2-13; BLM, near Middle Creek, off BLM Rd. 19-1-33; Lincoln Co., SNF, Cascade Head Experimental Forest; Tillamook Co., Pacific City; SNF, Cascade Head Experimental Forest, Cascade Head; WASHINGTON, Jefferson Co., Olympic National Park, Twin Creek at Hoh River.

Substrate and Habitat: Scattered or in arcs in mixed forests containing Fagaceae or Pinaceae in coastal lowlands.

Season: Autumn.

Reference: Norvell, L.L. 1998. The biology and taxonomy of Pacific Northwest species of Phaeocollybia Heim (Agaricales, Cortinariaceae). Seattle, WA: University of Washington. 391 p. Ph.D. dissertation.

Photo courtesy of Michael Beug Copyright Michael Beug S3 - 85 Phaeocollybia pseudofestiva A.H. Smith ROD name Phaeocollybia pseudofestiva Family Cortinariaceae Morphological Habit mushroom Description: CAP 20-50 mm in diam., obtusely-umbonate to broadly campanulate, glutinous, dark to olive green fading to olive-tan, margin pale and faintly striate when mature. GILLS nearly free, broad at maturity with uneven edges, initially pale maturing to pale cinnamon-brown. STEM up to 150 mm long overall with aerial portion up to 40-50 mm, 5-8 (10) mm in diam. at apex, more or less equal, hollow, pale olive above becoming rusty red from the ground upwards. PSEUDORHIZA tapered, long, unbranched, rusty red. ODOR fleetingly pungent. TASTE not distinct. CHEILOCYSTIDIA refractive, capitulate, lageniform to tibiiform elements with thick walled narrow necks. CLAMP CONNECTIONS absent. SPORES ovate with an abrupt apical beak in face view, 7-9 x 5-6 µm, moderately coarsely ornamented except over the smooth apical beak.

Distinguishing Features: In the field P. pseudofestiva is similar to P. fallax (which, when young, has brilliant violet gills) and P. olivacea (which is larger and has a stuffed stem), both species producing mushrooms with green caps. They both possess thinwalled (never refractive or thick-walled) clavate cheilocystidia and have smaller spores than P. pseudofestiva.

Distribution: Endemic to western North America occurring from British Columbia, Canada, south to California.

CALIFORNIA, Del Norte Co., Crescent City; Humboldt Co., Cape Mendocino, 8 km south of Camp Wailaki; Trinidad, Spruce Grove; Marin Co., Audubon Canyon Ranch, Volunteer Canyon; Mendocino Co., Jackson State Forest, Aleuria Glen; Van Damme State Park, Fern Canyon trail, north of north trail loop; OREGON, Benton Co., Siuslaw National Forest (SNF), Mary’s Peak Scenic Botanical Area, Mary’s Peak campground; Clackamas Co., Mount Hood National Forest (MHNF), Wildcat Mountain; MHNF, Douglas trail; Columbia Co., Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Tillamook Resource Area, 3.2 km southwest of Bonnie Falls; Coos Co., BLM, Cherry Creek; BLM, southwest of jct. of Rds. 28-10-15.0 and 29-10-2.1; Douglas Co., BLM, Johnson Creek; Josephine Co., BLM, near Sucker Creek; Grants Pass; Lane Co., BLM, 1.6 km southwest of Hawley Butte; Lincoln Co., SNF, Cascade Head Experimental Forest; Linn Co., Willamette National Forest, Moose Creek; Multnomah Co., MHNF, Larch Mountain; Tillamook Co., Van Duzer State Wayside; Oswald West State Park; WASHINGTON, Clallam Co., Olympic National Park (ONP), Rugged Ridge;





Grays Harbor Co., Ocean Pines-Copalis area, 0.8 km southwest of Copalis Crossing; Lake Sylvia State Park; Jefferson Co., ONP, Kalaloch campground; ONP, Queets River.

Substrate and Habitat: Scattered to ceaspitose under mature mixed conifers and hardwoods.

Season: October through December.

Reference: Norvell, L.L. 1998. The biology and taxonomy of Pacific Northwest species of Phaeocollybia Heim (Agaricales, Cortinariaceae). Seattle, WA: University of Washington. 391 p. Ph.D. dissertation.

No photograph availableS3 - 86

Phaeocollybia spadicea A.H. Smith ROD name Phaeocollybia spadicea Family Cortinariaceae Morphological Habit mushroom Description: CAP 40-120 mm in diam., broadly campanulate with an obtuse umbo, glabrous to glutinous, dark brown. GILLS free or scarcely attached by a narrow tooth, initially pale, in age becoming brown with serrate to eroded pale edges. STEM up to 200 mm overall, aerial portion up to 80 mm, 10-20 mm in diam. at apex, slightly swollen below, stuffed fairly thick and cartilaginous, pale red-purple-brown near the apex and dull red-brown below. PSEUDORHIZA gradually narrowing to relatively thick origin well below ground level. ODOR pungent farinaceous to mild. TASTE slightly bitter. PILEIPELLIS a two layered ixocutis with a hyaline, gelatinized top layer and lower layer with wider, inflated hyphae with rusty-brown walls. CHEILOCYSTIDIA refractive capitulate, lageniform to tibiiform with narrow, thick-walled necks, with or without apical droplets. CLAMP CONNECTIONS absent. SPORES limoniform with distinct apical beak, 7-9 x 4.5-5.5 µm, wartyroughened.

Distinguishing Features: Phaeocollybia spadicea could possibly be confused with P. scatesiae, which also has a dark black-brown cap and tibiiform cheilocystidia but is generally smaller, has a completely hollow stem, fruits in dense fasciculate mounds arising from a single thread-like pseudorhiza, and has longer, more ornamented basidiospores.

Phaeocollybia spadicea might also be confused with the slightly more robust P. kauffmanii and allies, all of which have thin-walled, clavate cheilocystidia and rounder, larger spores. Cortinarius vanduzerensis Smith and other glutinous dark-brown-capped representatives of Cortinarius might also be mistaken for P. spadicea; these species do not possess pseudorhiza.

Distribution: Endemic to western North America from Washington south to California. CALIFORNIA, Del Norte Co., Crescent City; Humboldt Co., Prairie Creek State Park, north of Davison Rd. at campground; Marin Co., Audubon Canyon Ranch, Volunteer Canyon; Muir Woods National Monument; Mendocino Co., Jackson State Forest, Aleuria Glen; Van Damme State Park, Lower Pygmy Forest; Shasta Co., Castle Crags State Park; OREGON, Benton Co., Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Mary’s Peak Resource Area, Rickard Creek; Siuslaw National Forest (SNF), Buck Creek; Coos Co., BLM, Mrytlewood Resource Area, Bronson Creek; BLM, Big Creek; Winchester State Forest; Douglas Co., Booth; Lane Co., BLM, 1.6 km north of Castle Rock;

Eugene; Lincoln Co., Fogarty Creek State Park; SNF, Cascade Head Experimental Forest, Tillamook/Lincoln County line; Linn Co., 1.6 km west of McCully Mountain; Tillamook Co., Cape Meares State Park; Cape Lookout; Oswald West State Park; SNF, Cascade Head Experimental Forest, 3.2 km northwest of Green Point; Van Duzer Corridor State Wayside, south of Hwy. 18, southwest of restrooms; WASHINGTON, Clallam Co., Mora-Quillayute River; Olympic National Park (ONP), Rugged Ridge;

Jefferson Co., ONP, Twin Creek.

Substrate and Habitat: Solitary to scattered to closely gregarious in mature Picea sitchensis stands in coastal lowland regions.

Season: October and November.

Reference: Norvell, L.L. 1998. The biology and taxonomy of Pacific Northwest species of Phaeocollybia Heim (Agaricales, Cortinariaceae). Seattle, WA: University of Washington. 391 p. Ph.D. dissertation.

Photo Courtesy of Lorelei Norvell Copyright Lorelei Norvell S3 - 87 Phellodon atratus K. Harrison ROD name Phellodon atratus Family Bankeraceae Morphological Habit tooth fungus Description: CAP 10-50 mm in diam., often fused with others, plane to depressed or irregular, subtomentose, faintly zoned concentrically, blue-black to purple-black or black, margin slightly paler or purpler. CONTEXT in both cap and stem purple-black to blue-black, thin, tough, fibrous, pliant, sometimes with thin outer or upper spongy layer. SPINES short, 1-2 mm, irregularly decurrent, gray to dark purple-gray-brown, darker where bruised. STEM 20-50 mm long, 30-50 mm thick, usually central, sometimes compound or branched, tapering downward, usually thickened at ground level by felty mycelial layer. ODOR mild or faintly fragrant. TASTE mild. BASIDIA 33-38 x 4-7 µm, clavate. CYSTIDIA absent. SPORES globose to subglobose, 3.8-4.2 x 3.3-3.8 µm, echinulate, apiculate, inamyloid, acyanophilic, spore print white.

Distinguishing Features: Sarcodon fuscoindicum is similar in color, but larger and brittle, rather than pliant and tough. Phellodon melaleucus has a dark brown to purplegray cap with pallid margin, spines off-white to gray, and the stem is thin, dark brown to black, deeply rooted. Phellodon niger occurs in eastern North America, is larger and thicker, with a white to brown, gray or black cap and black context. Hydnellum nigellum also occurs in eastern North America and is small, gray to black with brown spores.

Distribution: Endemic to Western United States. CALIFORNIA, Del Norte Co., Six Rivers National Forest, Siskiyou Fork, Smith River; Crescent City; Humboldt Co., Patrick’s Point State Park, Indian Rock; Big Lagoon County Park, north of Patrick’s Point State Park; Prairie Creek State Park, on Davison Rd. near beach; Orick; Samoa Peninsula, Arcata;

Marin Co., Audubon Canyon Ranch, Volunteer Canyon; Mendocino Co., Jackson State Forest, Aleuria Glen;

OREGON, Coos Co., Coos County Forest; Shore Acres State Park; Douglas Co., Reedsport area; Tahkenitch Lake;

Lane Co., Siuslaw National Forest, Siltcoos Lake; Tillamook Co., Camp Meriweather; Cape Kiwanda State Park;

WASHINGTON, Clallam Co., Olympic National Park (ONP), Mount Angeles; ONP, Olympic Hot Springs; Island Co., Columbia Beach, Whidbey Island; Langley, Whidbey Island; Useless Bay, Whidbey Island; Jefferson Co., ONP, 2.4 km south of Mount Carrie; Chimacum; Mason Co., Mason Lake; Pierce Co., Mount Rainier National Park, Longmire.

Substrate and Habitat: Scattered to gregarious, often forming fused clusters; on ground under conifers.

Season: Autumn and winter.

Reference: Arora, D. 1986. Mushrooms demystified. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. 959 p.

Photo courtesy of Michael Beug

Photo courtesy of David AroraS3 - 88

Plectania melastoma (Sowerby: Fries) Fuckel ROD name Plectania melastoma Family Sarcosomataceae Morphological Habit cup Description: SPOROCARP cupulate, sessile to subsessile, black or nearly black, up to 3 cm in diam., relatively thick fleshed but interior not gelatinous. Young specimens may or may not have orange to rust-colored granules around the rim of the cup. ASCI relatively thick walled, long, narrow, curving bases, operculate, inamyloid. PARAPHYSES up to 4 µm wide, branched, anastomosing around asci. SPORES ellipsoid, 21-24 x 8-10 µm, smooth.

Distinguishing Features: The inamyloid asci, ellipsoid spores, and nongelatinous interior separate this species from all other fungal species in the region.



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