FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstract, dissertation, book

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 36 |

«A Thesis Submitted to the College of Graduate Studies and Research In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --




A Thesis Submitted to the College of

Graduate Studies and Research

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

For the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy

In the Department of Sociology

University of Saskatchewan

Saskatoon By Jennifer Mary Shea  Copyright Jennifer Mary Shea, November, 2012. All rights reserved


In presenting this dissertation titled Harmonious Journey: Understandings of the Healthy Body and Body Image for First Nations Girls’ in the Battlefords Tribal Council Region Through Photovoice, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Postgraduate degree from the University of Saskatchewan, I agree that the Libraries of the University may make it freely available for inspection. I further agree that permission for copying of this dissertation in any manner, in whole or in part, for scholarly purposes may be granted by the professors who supervised my dissertation work or, in their absence, by the Head of the Department of Sociology or the Dean of the College in which my dissertation work was done. It is understood that any copying or publication or use of this dissertation or parts thereof for financial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. It is also understood that due recognition shall be given to me and to the University of Saskatchewan in any scholarly use which may be made of any material in my dissertation.

Requests for permission to copy or to make other uses of materials in this dissertation in

whole or part should be addressed to:

Head of the Department of Sociology University of Saskatchewan 9 Campus Drive S7N 5A5 Canada i


I would like to dedicate this thesis to two individuals who have had a profound and lasting impact on my life. First, to my Grandfather Fergus Tremblett, who taught me the importance of being understanding, driven, accountable and hopeful. Second, to my father-inlaw Keith Halleran, who was the epitome of hard work and dedication. Your absences have left such an immense void, but your characters continue and will remain an immense source of inspiration and motivation.



First Nations peoples in Canada are increasingly referred to as an ‘at risk’ population for the development of poor health outcomes. While these health inequalities are well established in the literature, there is a lack of understanding of how health is both defined by First Nations peoples. This thesis describes a community-based participatory research project with First Nations girls in the Battlefords Tribal Council region. The purpose of this project was to explore the ways in which these girls negotiate different meanings of health and the body, as guided by their words and stories. The project design incorporated various methods including individual interviews, sharing circles, photovoice, and art collages. The participants were given cameras with which to take photographs that represented their understandings of health in their communities; they also completed art collages that further explored the healthy body and body image. Following the completion of the photovoice and art projects, the girls discussed their photographs and their understandings of the healthy body and body image in further detail in both individual interviews and sharing circles. This research has been informed by feminist and sociological theories of the body, which acknowledge social and historical influences on health and the body and the agency of individuals.

The thesis is organized in a manuscript style format and, as such, contains three analysis chapters comprised of manuscripts either published in or submitted to academic journals. The findings of this study reveal that the girls have both insightful and holistic definitions of both the healthy body and body image. The first manuscript discusses findings of the girls’ perceptions of health as a holistic concept. The second manuscript details findings of the girls’ personal resilience showcased in their narratives of the healthy body and body image. The third and final manuscript discusses in detail the undertaking of this community-based participatory project, focusing on the strengths and challenges of this particular research project. The discussions and knowledge created by the girls make a valuable contribution to the literature by increasing our collective understanding of how the healthy body and body image are defined by First Nations girls living on-reserve. In this thesis, I argue, as guided by the words of the girls, that health needs to be understood in a more holistic manner, particularly in the design of health promotion materials, programs, and services designed for First Nations youth. This compliments recent literature that views health in a holistic manner. I also discuss the empowering potential that a community-based participatory project presents when working with First Nations youth.


This project and process were very much about relationship building and as such there are many people to thank for making this journey possible. First and foremost, I express my sincere gratitude to the twenty amazing girls who participated in this study. Thank you all so much for sharing your ideas, experiences, time, and enthusiasm with me. What you have taught me carries far beyond what is contained in this thesis, particularly the importance of strength and having a positive outlook on life. Your spirit and strength were with me as I wrote, and I hope I have done you justice as I described your experiences and understandings.

I would like to thank my amazing “powerhouse” committee. I have been truly blessed to have had the honour of working with four brilliant academics. To my supervisor, Dr. Jennifer Poudrier, I cannot begin to thank you for all the knowledge that you shared, your belief and trust in me to be a part of such an amazing project, and most importantly for being a wonderful friend.

I will forever be grateful for all that you have done and for giving me such an amazing opportunity. To my committee members, Dr. Roanne Thomas, Dr. Karen Chad, and Dr. Bonnie Jeffery, you were always a joy to meet with and brought a smile to my face, and I thank you for all for your feedback and advice, and for challenging and supporting me throughout this process.

All of you brought unique perspectives and strengths that weaved together to create an amazing tapestry; I have learned so much from each of you and I could not have asked for four better mentors. I would also like to thank my external examiner Dr. Heather Castleden for offering her time and perspectives which in turn helped to strengthen this thesis.

I would like to thank the community members that made this project a success. To Janice Kennedy, I am in awe of your ability to juggle numerous demands and your determination to improve the health of community members in the Battleford Tribal Council region. To the four amazing and inspiring Community Youth Outreach Workers, Jessica Atcheynum, Lenore Kiskotagan, Kimberly Burnouf, and Kellie Wuttunee, I cannot begin to thank you for the time and efforts you put into this project. You are all such intelligent and strong women and your dedication and impact on the girls and youth in your communities were continuously evident throughout this project. To the community research assistants, Tanya Delmore, Lillian Blackstar, and Sonya Whitecalf, I greatly appreciate your sharing of knowledge and contributions as well as your belief in this project. To the coordinator of the larger project with women, Carolyn Brooks, thank you for everything that you have done for this project, for being a sounding board, and for iv being an amazing friend. My sincere gratitude to Elder Melvina Thomas for joining us and offering prayer during Phase One of this project. You were an invaluable presence to the girls, the team, and I as we began our work together. I would also like to thank additional staff members at Battleford Tribal Council Indian Health Services, Lillian Pooyak, Jose Pruden, and Sandra Favel Rewerts, for your support and feedback in the planning stages of this project and onwards.

My sincere thanks to the Indigenous Peoples’ Health Research Centre for your generous funding that made this project possible.

I would like to thank my colleagues at the University of Saskatchewan for all your support, for making us feel welcome in our new home, and for all the good times and laughter;

your friendships are some of the best souvenirs from my life in Saskatchewan. I would especially wish to thank my colleague Meridith Burles, who has always been one of my biggest cheerleaders. You were always there when I needed to talk through ideas or if I needed something read. You were an invaluable support system throughout this process and beyond.

Most importantly, you were my family when I was so far away from my own. Additionally, I would like to thank all the administrative staff in the Department of Sociology for your help and kindness.

To my colleagues at the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Health Information, thank you all your support and understanding especially when I needed some time off to write. It was difficult to be away from Saskatchewan as I wrote this thesis, and being surrounded by supportive and understanding co-workers also pursing graduate degrees has been extremely helpful.

To Randy Johner I am grateful for your advice and feedback on the design of a manuscript based thesis, thank you for providing your thesis as an example of this approach.

Thank you to Gillian Binsted for your insightful comments and editorial help, your assistance has been invaluable as I prepared this thesis. My sincere gratitude to Jennifer Phillips your assistance with formatting this thesis.

Finally, I would like to thank my family and lifelong friends for support and understanding throughout my university life. To my husband, Trevor Halleran, I cannot begin to thank you for all your love and support, and for taking this journey with me. I greatly appreciate your confidence in me, as having you by my side gave me focus and made me stronger.











Chapter 1 - Introduction to the Research

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Terminology Used in Thesis

1.3 Overview of the Larger Project, the Battlefords Tribal Council (BTC) Region, and Participating Girls

1.3.1 The Beginning Stages of My Involvement with the Communities in the BTC Region 5 1.3.2 Participating Girls’

1.4 Purpose, Research Questions, and Contributions

1.5 Thesis Organization

Chapter 1 References

Chapter 2 - Critical Understandings of Health and the Body

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Historical and Current Understandings of Health and Body Image for Aboriginal Peoples

2.2.1 Aboriginal Health in Canada

2.2.2 Social Determinants of Health

2.2.3 Health of Aboriginal Women and Girls

2.2.4 Youth and Girls’ Body Image

2.2.5 Resilience and Aboriginal Health

2.3 Theoretical Understandings of the Body

2.3.1 Sociological Theories of the Body The Social Body The Body and Agency

2.3.2 Feminist Theory Feminism and the Body Feminist Standpoint Theory Black Feminist Thought and Postcolonial Theory

2.4 Summary

Chapter 2 References

Chapter 3 - Methodology and Methods


3.1 Introduction

3.2 My Standpoint

3.3 Decolonizing Methodologies

3.4 Community-Based Participatory Research

3.5 Photovoice

3.5.1 Photovoice and Youth

3.5.2 Photovoice Exploring Aboriginal Health

3.5.2 Application of Photovoice

3.6 Research Design

3.6.1 Partnerships, Relationship Building & Planning

3.6.2 IPHRC Grant

3.6.3 Recruitment of Participants

3.6.4 Phase 1: Photovoice Projects and Individual Interviews

3.6.5 Analysis

3.6.6 Phase 2: Sharing Circles and Community Event Planning

3.6.7 Inspirational Evening - Gala Celebration

3.6.8 Knowledge Translation

3.7 Ethical Considerations

3.8 Summary

Chapter 3 References

Chapter 4 – Manuscript 1

Understanding the Healthy Body from the Perspective of First Nations Girls’ in the Battlefords Tribal Council Region: A Photovoice Project

4.1 Abstract

4.2 Background

4.3 Methods

4.3.1 Project Design

4.3.2 Decolonizing Methodologies and Photovoice

4.3.3 Participants

4.4 Findings

4.4.1 Healthy/Unhealthy Foods

4.4.2 Community

4.4.3 Relationships

4.4.4 Physical Activity

4.4.5 Additional Healthy Behaviours

4.5 Discussion

4.6 Conclusion

Chapter 4 References

Chapter 5 – Manuscript 2

In Their Own Words: First Nations Girls' Resilience as Reflected Through Their Understandings of Health

5.1 Abstract


5.2 Introduction

5.3 Theoretical Understandings of the Body

5.4 Methods

5.4.1 Study Design

5.5 Findings

5.5.1 Body Image Appearance Friendship & Weight Gender Beauty

5.5.2 Loss

5.5.3 Addictive Substances

5.6 Discussion & Conclusions

Chapter 5 References

Chapter 6 – Manuscript 3

Reflections from a Creative Community-Based Participatory Research Project Exploring Health and Body Image with First Nations Girls’

6.1 Abstract

6.2 Introduction

6.3 Background

6.3.1 Decolonizing Methodologies

6.3.2 Community-Based Participatory Research

6.3.3 Photovoice

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 36 |

Similar works:

«Animal Health and Welfare Strategy for Great Britain Animal Health and Welfare Strategy for Great Britain Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Nobel House 17 Smith Square London SW1P 3JR Telephone 020 7238 6000 Website: www.defra.gov.uk © Crown copyright 2004 Copyright in the typographical arrangement and design rests with the Crown. This publication (excluding the logo) may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium provided that it is reproduced accurately and not...»

«Lessons Learned About One-Way, Dataflow Constraints In the Garnet and Amulet Graphical Toolkits BRADLEY T. VANDER ZANDEN and RICHARD HALTERMAN University of Tennessee BRAD A. MYERS, RICH MCDANIEL, and ROB MILLER Carnegie Mellon University PEDRO SZEKELY USC/Information Sciences Institute DARIO A. GIUSE Vanderbilt University Medical Center and DAVID KOSBIE Microsoft Corporation One-way, dataflow constraints are commonly used in graphical interface toolkits, programming environments, and circuit...»

«Clostridium difficile (CDI) Infections Toolkit Activity C: ELC Prevention Collaboratives Carolyn Gould, MD MSCR Cliff McDonald, MD, FACP Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Draft 12/23/09 Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this presentation are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Outline • Background – Impact – HHS Prevention Targets –...»

«January 2015 Medicare Health Care Quality (MHCQ) Demonstration Evaluation North Carolina Community Care Networks Year 3 Evaluation Report Final Report Prepared for Normandy Brangan Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Mail Stop WB-06-05 7500 Security Boulevard Baltimore, MD 21244 Prepared by Michael Trisolini, PhD, MBA John Kautter, PhD Asta Sorensen, MA Joseph Burton, MS Cordon Newhart, MA Jenya Kaganova, PhD Aleksandra Petrovic, BS Meghan...»

«Bondagers A Play In Two Acts If development to use Bondagers: A Play in Two Acts mobi, the respect may keep your actuality to the approach Bondagers: A Play in Two Acts but intend at there will take licenses privileged to learn or pose you. And about is some weak-economy responsibility finished more long at about a interest service. Bondagers: A Play in Two Acts Venture organisation provokes right of reviewing in the internet has only talk up like revolving a setup natural company, you however...»

«Aus der Klinik für Augenheilkunde Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar Direktor: Prof. Dr. med. Berthold Seitz Kontaktfreier Abtrag und hochauflösende Bildgebung epiretinaler Membranen mit einem unverstärkten Femtosekundenlaser Dissertation zur Erlangung des Grades eines Doktors der Medizin der medizinischen Fakultät der UNIVERSITÄT DES SAARLANDES vorgelegt von Elena Khurieva-Sattler geb. am 26.03.1975 in Taschkent, Usbekistan Die Arbeit wurde gefördert durch die Deutsche...»

«WILDERNESS Participant Packet In this packet you will find: Wha to P t ACK FAQS Participant Questionnaire Medical Forms Release Forms and W aivers www.S kyR anch.org Packing Principles for Your Trip at Sky Ranch Ute Trail Backpacking Balancing weight, space and functionality is incredibly important in backpacking. That really warm coat may be nice to wear but too big and heavy to pack. Remember, you will be carrying your home on your back while at Ute Trail. Of course, while the weight of your...»

«CURRICULUM VITAE Name: Kjell Erik Rudestam Work Address: Fielding Graduate University 2112 Santa Barbara Street Santa Barbara, CA 93105 (805) 898-2908 Education: 1969 Ph.D. Clinical Psychology, University of Oregon 1966 M.A. Clinical Psychology, University of Oregon 1964 B.A. Mathematics, Occidental College Licensure and Certification: 1998 Diplomate, The American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress 1997 American Academy of Police Psychology 1994 Founding Member, Registry for Certified Group...»

«Programme Specification 2015-16 Public Health (with additional specialist subject streams at MSc level) MSc PGDip PGCert and individual modules Important document – please read Programme Specification 2015-16 Public Health (and additional specialist subject streams) (MSc, PGDip, PGCert and individual modules) Table of Contents Important information regarding the Programme Specification Title and name of awards Entrance requirements Educational aims and learning outcomes of the programmes...»

«Bauer, KW Updated July 2015 Katherine W. Bauer, Ph.D., M.S. CURRICULUM VITAE CONTACT INFORMATION Department of Nutritional Sciences U-M School of Public Health 3866 SPH I, 1415 Washington Heights Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029 Phone: 734-763-2546 Email: kwbauer@umich.edu ACADEMIC POSITIONS 2015-Present Assistant Professor Department of Nutritional Sciences School of Public Health University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 2012-2015 Assistant Professor Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Center...»

«Lactation Management Courses These courses are approved through the Lactation Education Accreditation and Approval Review Committee (LEAARC). LEAARC Approval is voluntary and provides a reliable indicator of educational quality to employers, insurers, counselors, educators, governmental officials, and the public, based on the fact that the education program adheres to established criteria and standards of the profession. LEAARC is sponsored by the International Lactation Consultant...»

«TER O LIFESTYLE AND ORAL HEALTH SA KKI OF 55-YEAR-OLDS Institute of Dentistry O UL U 1 9 9 9 TERO SAKKI LIFESTYLE AND ORAL HEALTH OF 55-YEAR-OLDS Academic Dissertation to be presented with the asssent of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, for public discussion in Auditorium I of the Institute of Dentistry (Aapistie 3), On June 11th, 1999, at 12 noon. O U LU N Y LI O P IS T O, O U LU 1 99 9 Copyright © 1999 Oulu University Library, 1999 Manuscript received 17.5.1999 Accepted...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.abstract.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Abstract, dissertation, book

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.