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«Professor Wendy Pearlman Office hours, Scott Hall #204 pearlman Mondays: 1:00-3:00 or by appointment Teaching Assistants: Rachel ...»

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Political Science 350: Social Movements

Winter 2012 – Fisk 217 --Mon & Weds, 3:30-4:50

Professor Wendy Pearlman Office hours, Scott Hall #204

pearlman@northwestern.edu Mondays: 1:00-3:00 or by appointment

Teaching Assistants:

Rachel Vanderpoel, rachel.vanderpoel@u.northwestern.edu

Laila Ballout, LailaBallout2013@u.northwestern.edu

Gozde Erdeniz, gozde.erdeniz@gmail.com

OVERVIEW: From the American civil rights movement to uprisings in the Middle East, social movements have shaped history. Under what conditions do people launch collective challenges to authority? How do they overcome barriers to collective action? What explains their strategies and the outcomes of their interaction with the state? This course explores these questions. We will examine various analytical approaches to the study of mobilization as well as cases of social movements from around the world.

EVALUATION METHOD:

Attendance, participation, and preparation of readings for section 15% Mid-term exam: 25% Paper

Abstract

3% Essay: 25% Final exam 32% GOALS: The goals of this course are for students (1) to acquire basic knowledge about theories, concepts, and analytical approaches for understanding social movements and processes of social mobilization; (2) to engage in critical reading of scholarly and news sources; (3) to employ theories and concepts to the analysis of a range of empirical cases; (4) to engage in original research and analysis.

Assignments are designed to assess progress toward the achievement of these goals.

ASSIGNMENTS:

1) Attendance, class participation, and preparation of readings (15% of final grade) Attendance at lecture and section is required. Students should read and think about all assigned readings and be prepared to discuss them in section.

2) Midterm Exam: in class, February 6 (25% of final grade) This exam will test students’ knowledge and critical understanding of readings and lectures through February 1st.

3) Paper Abstract: hard copy due in class, February 15 (3%) A description of the 6-8-page paper is provided at the end of this syllabus. The abstract is a oneparagraph summary in which you state your question, the class concepts or theories that you will consider, and your own argument. Include a list of the sources that you are examining. It is OK if your topic changes from the abstract to the final paper; the purpose of this exercise is to give you feedback along the way.

3) Paper: hard copy due in class, March 5 (25% of final grade)

4) Final Exam: March 13, 3-5pm (32% of final grade) The exam will ask students to synthesize and engage with issues discussed throughout the entire course, with a focus on material since the midterm.

READINGS: One book is required for purchase: Doug McAdam, Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999).

This book is available at the Norris Center Bookstore and on reserve at the Main Library. All other course readings are available on the course Blackboard site (In the “Documents” folder, find the “Readings” folder; there readings are separated in folders by week). You may all follow the links in this syllabus to readings available online. ** Given the nature of the topic, some readings for Part IV “Revolutionary waves” may be changed in order to incorporate current events or take advantage of new analyses published in the course of the quarter ** “MOVEMENTS IN THE NEWS”: The first few minutes of every lecture will be dedicated to a chance for students to mention any news stories that illustrate, challenge, or otherwise engage with concepts, theories, patterns, and relationships discussed in lecture or class readings. So be on the look out for relevant news and come ready to say a few words about what it teaches us about social movements. While it is not required to speak during this part of class, we will take note if you do so and treat it as a bonus to your class participation grade.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

1) Submit work on time: Work turned in after the due date without a legitimate and documented excuse will be penalized significantly.

2) There is no tolerance for plagiarism: You are expected to comply with University regulations regarding academic integrity. Any suspected violation will be automatically referred to the Associate

Dean for Undergraduate Studies. It is your responsibility to:

Understand the Dean’s policy: http://www.wcas.northwestern.edu/advising/academic.html Understand how to avoid plagiarism: http://www.writing.northwestern.edu/avoiding_plagiarism.html

3) Attend class and keep up with the readings: The material presented in lectures and readings is distinct yet complementary; exams will require you to be familiar with both. I encourage you to print all readings, read with pen in hand, and to take notes as you read. While I have tried to distribute the readings evenly, some days have more reading than others. Please plan accordingly.

4) Check Blackboard: Class materials will be posted periodically and lecture PowerPoints will be posted after that day’s lecture.





5) Accommodations for students with special needs: If you have a physical or mental condition that may require classroom, test taking, or other reasonable modifications, please see me as soon as possible.

WEEKLY OVERVIEW

I: Concepts & Theories Week 1: Introduction & the collective action problem Week 2: Major paradigms II: Democratic settings Week 3: Political process theory, U.S. civil rights movement Week 4: Political process theory, U.S. civil rights movement III: Non-democratic settings Week 5: Rationalist approaches & outcomes, Eastern Europe & China Week 6: Mid-term Exam IV. Revolutionary waves Week 6: Roots of revolution, Middle East uprisings Week 7: Networks, emotions, & interaction, Middle East uprisings, Abstract due Week 8 Protest cycles, the Occupy Movements V. Movements and conflict Week 8: Civil resistance, South Africa & Argentina Week 9: Identity and organization, Israelis & Palestinians Week 10: Rethinking movements, Paper due

–  –  –

Tuesday, Jan. 3: Introduction Wednesday, Jan. 4: The problem of collective action Mancur Olson, “Logic of Collective Action” in Vincenzo Ruggiero and Nicola Montagna, eds., Social Movements: A Reader (London: Routledge, 2008), pp. 93-94.

Mark Irving Lichbach, The Rebel’s Dilemma (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998), pp. 3-31.

Ashutosh Varshney, “Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Rationality” Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Mar., 2003), pp. 85-99, http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=145055 Monday, Jan. 9: Major paradigms

Doug McAdam, Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970. (Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, 1999), pp. 1-59.

Wednesday, Jan. 11: New directions

Charles Kurzman, “Structural Opportunity and Perceived Opportunity in Social Movement Theory:

The Iranian Revolution of 1979” American Sociological Review, Vol. 61, No. 1 (1996), pp. 153-170, http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096411 Jeff Goodwin and James M. Jasper, “Caught in a Winding, Snarling Vine: The Structural Bias of Political Process Theory” Sociological Forum, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Mar., 1999), pp. 27-53, http://www.jstor.org/stable/685013

–  –  –

Monday, Jan. 16: NO CLASS, MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY Wednesday, Jan. 18: Political process theory applied: the U.S. civil rights movement I McAdam, Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, pp. 65-145.

Monday, Jan. 18: Political process theory applied: the U.S. civil rights movement II McAdam, Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, pp. 146-180.

Wednesday, Jan. 23: Political process theory applied: the U.S. civil rights movement III McAdam, Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, pp. 181- 234.

–  –  –

Monday, Jan. 30: Rational choice perspective: Eastern Europe, 1989 Timur Kuran, “Now out of Never: The Element of Surprise in the East European Revolution” World Politics, Vol. 44, No. 1 (Oct., 1993), pp. 7-48, http://www.jstor.org/stable/2010422 Wednesday, Feb 1: Explaining outcomes: China 1989 Shron Erickson Nepstad, Nonviolent Revolutions: Civil Resistance in the late 20th century (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 21-37.

Doug McAdam, Sidney Tarrow, and Charles Tilly, “Revolutionary Trajectories” in Dynamics of Contention (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 193-226.

Monday, Feb. 6: MID-TERM EXAM

–  –  –

Wednesday, Feb. 8: Roots of revolution: Middle East Uprisings Eric Goldstein, 2011. “A Middle-Class Revolution,” ForeignPolicy.com January 18, 2011 http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/01/18/a_middle_class_revolution Mona El-Ghobasy,“The Praxis of the Egyptian Revolution.” Middle East Report 258 (Spring 2011) http://www.merip.org/mer/mer258/praxis-egyptian-revolution Lisa Anderson, “Demystifying the Arab Spring” Foreign Affairs, May/June 2011 Monday, Feb. 13: Networks, technology, emotions: Middle East Uprisings II James M. Jasper, “The Emotions of Protest,” in Jeff Goodwin and James M. Jasper, eds. The Social Movement Reader: Cases and Concepts. (Oxford, England: Blackwell, 2003), pp. 151-162 David D. Kirkpatrick and David E. Sanger, “A Tunisian-Egyptian Link That Shook Arab History” New York Times, February 13, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/14/world/middleeast/14egypttunisia-protests.html Malcolm Gladwell, “Why the revolution will not be tweeted” The New Yorker, October 4, 2010, http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/10/04/101004fa_fact_gladwell Anthony Shadid, “Syria’s Sons of No One,” New York Times, August 31, 2011 http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/magazine/syrias-sons-of-no-one.html?pagewanted=all Wednesday, Feb. 15: State-movement interactions: Middle East Uprisings III ** PAPER ABSTRACT DUE ** William Gamson, “The Meaning of Success” in The Strategy of Social Protest (Homewood, IL: The Dorsey Press, 1975), pp. 28-37 Cathy Lisa Schneider, “Debate: Violence and State Repression,” Swiss Political Science Review, Vol. 17, No. 4 (December 2011), pp. 480-484. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1662x/pdf Steven A. Cook, “The Frankenstein of Tahrir Square” ForeignPolicy.com, December 19, 2011 http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/12/19/the_frankenstein_of_tahrir_square Hussein Agha and Robert Malley, The Arab Counterrevolution, September 29, 2011 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2011/sep/29/arab-counterrevolution/?pagination=false Monday, Feb. 20: Protest cycles: the Occupy movements Sidney Tarrow, “Cycles of Contention” in Power in movement: Social movements, collective action, and politics (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 141-160.

Sidney Tarrow, “Why Occupy Wall Street is Not the Tea Party of the Left” Foreign Affairs, October 10, 2011, http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/136401/sidney-tarrow/why-occupy-wall-street-isnot-the-tea-party-of-the-left Kurt Anderson, “The Protestor,” Time, December 14, 2011, http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2101745_2102132,00.html Lois Becket, “Globalizing Occupy Wall Street: From Chile to Israel, Protests Erupt,” ProPublica.com, October 25, 2011, http://www.propublica.org/article/putting-the-global-occupymovement-in-context/single V. Understanding violent & nonviolent protest Wednesday, Feb. 22: Repertoires of contention (what movements do): South Africa & Argentina Robert M. Price, The Apartheid State in Crisis: Political Transformation in South Africa, 1975-1990 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), pp. 190-219.

Marysa Navarro, “The personal is political: Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo” in Susan Eckstein, ed., Power and Popular Protest: Latin American Social Movements (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001), pp. 241-258.

Monday, Feb. 27: Identity approach (who movements are): Israelis & Palestinians I Ian S. Lustick, “Changing Rationales for Political Violence in the Arab-Israeli Conflict” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Autumn 1990), pp. 54-79, http://www.jstor.org/stable/2537322 “A Nation of Tribes,” The Economist, April 23, 1998, http://www.economist.com/node/160840 “The wandering Palestinian,” The Economist, May 8, 2008, http://www.economist.com/node/11332217 Wednesday, Feb. 29: Organizational approach (how movements are structured): Israelis & Palestinians II David Newman, “From Hitnachalut to Hitnatkut: The Impact of Gush Emunim and the Settlement Movement on Israeli Politics and Society,” Israel Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3 (Fall 2005), pp. 192-224, http://web.ebscohost.com.turing.library.northwestern.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d627db9bc-8cbe-c83ba7969932%40sessionmgr110&vid=4&hid=107 Wendy Pearlman, “Precluding Nonviolence, Propelling Violence: The Effect of Internal Fragmentation on Movement Behavior” Studies in Comparative International Development, forthcoming.

–  –  –

Monday, March 5: What counts as protest?

** PAPER DUE ** James C. Scott, “Everyday Forms of Resistance,” in Forrest D. Colburn, ed. Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance, (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1989), pp. 3-33.

Asef Bayat, Street Politics: Poor People’s Movements in Iran (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997), pp. 1-21.

–  –  –

1) Propose your own question that identifies a puzzle related to social movements, mobilization, protests, or revolutions

2) Present your own argument that answers that question/explains that puzzle.

3) Defend your interpretation by addressing possible critiques or alternative arguments

4) Demonstrate your question with evidence from a real-world case or cases of your choosing

5) Use at least one concept, theory, or argument from class in the course of your paper. This concept can be a part of your question, answer, and/or general analysis.



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