«June 30, 2008 © 2008 Federal Foreign Office – Division 241 Federal Foreign Office Division 241 DE-11013 BERLIN GERMANY Telephone +49 30 18 17 42 ...»
Pursuant to the OSCE Document on Small Arms
and Light Weapons
Annual Report 2007
the Federal Republic of Germany
June 30, 2008
© 2008 Federal Foreign Office – Division 241
Federal Foreign Office
Telephone +49 30 18 17 42 72
Facsimile +49 30 18 17 5 42 72
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 NATIONAL MARKING SYSTEMS ________________________________ 5 1.1 Marks used on SALW ____________________________________________ 5 1.1.1 Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) _________________________________ 5 1.1.2 Federal Finance Administration_____________________________________ 15 1.1.2 Federal Finance Administration_____________________________________ 16 1.1.3 Federal Ministries of Finance and of the Interior, Federal and State Police Forces _________________________________________________________ 16 1.2 Marking Methods_______________________________________________ 17 1.2.1 Stamping ______________________________________________________ 17 1.2.2 Laser Engraving _________________________________________________ 17 1.2.3 Permanence ____________________________________________________ 17 1.3 State Policy for Marking Unmarked Weapons _______________________ 17 1.4 Marking Competence ___________________________________________ 17 1.5 Public Control over the Private Sector Marking _____________________ 17
2 NATIONAL PROCEDURES FOR THE CONTROL OVERMANUFACTURING ____________________________________________ 18 2.1 Procedures for the Issuance of Licenses and Authorizations ___________ 18 2.2 Review and Renewal of Licenses __________________________________ 18 2.3 Procedures for the Revocation of Licenses __________________________ 18 2.4 Penalization and Prosecution of Illicit Manufacturing ________________ 18 2.5 Record keeping_________________________________________________ 19
3 EXPORT POLICY PROCEDURES AND DOCUMENTATION;CONTROL OVER BROKERING _________________________________ 20 3.1 Export ________________________________________________________ 20 3.1.1 National Legislation ______________________________________________ 20 3.1.2 German Export Policy and International Commitments __________________ 21 3.1.3 Types of Licenses for Final Exports _________________________________ 22 3.1.4 Licenses for Temporary Exports ____________________________________ 22 3.1.5 Period of Validity of Licenses ______________________________________ 22 3.1.6 Licensing Authority ______________________________________________ 23 3.1.7 Circumstances in Which a License is Not Required _____________________ 23 3.1.8 Revocation of Licenses ___________________________________________ 24 3.1.9 Embargoed Destinations and Areas of Concern ________________________ 24 3.1.10 Advance Rulings ________________________________________________ 24 3.1.11 Licenses Issued per Annum ________________________________________ 24 3.1.12 Company Archives on License Documentation_________________________ 25 3.1.13 Necessity to Provide End-Use Documentation _________________________ 25 3.1.14 End-Use Verification and Procedures Governing Retransfer ______________ 26 3.1.15 Assistance to Other States on Export Controls _________________________ 26 3.1.16 Penalties for Illegal Export and National Export Control _________________ 26 3.2 Control over International Brokering ______________________________ 28 3.2.1 Licenses, Registration and Reporting ________________________________ 28 3.2.2 Penalties for Illegal International Brokering Activities ___________________ 29 3.2.3 Exporter Not Required to Disclose Brokers Involved in Transaction ________ 29 3.2.4 Number of Revocations or Disbarment of International Brokers ___________ 29
4 TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES FOR DESTRUCTION __________ 30
4.1 Federal Armed Forces ___________________________________________ 30 4.1.1 Techniques for Destruction ________________________________________ 30 4.1.2 Details on Record Keeping, Authority for Destruction, and Destruction Sites _ 30 188.8.131.52 SALW Reduction Sites ___________________________________________ 30 184.108.40.206 Security,Proceduressand Documentation______________________________ 30 4.2 Federal Finance Administration___________________________________ 30 4.3 Federal Police __________________________________________________ 31 4.4 Public Destruction and Public Awareness Campaigns_________________ 31 4.5. Reduction Assistance to Other States_______________________________ 31 5 SEIZED OR CONFISCATED WEAPONS _______________________________32 6 REDUCTION OF SURPLUS WEAPONS __________________________ 32
ANNEX 1 NATIONAL STOCKPILE MANAGEMENT AND SECURITYPROCEDURES ________________________________________________ 34 1.1 Characteristics for Stockpile Locations _________________________________________ 34 1.3 Access Control Measures _____________________________________________________ 34 Inventory Management and Accounting Control Procedures __________________
1.4 1.5 Protective Measures in Emergency Situations _______________________ 35 1.6 Sanctions for Theft and Loss _____________________________________ 35 1.7 Procedures to Maximize Security in Transit _________________________ 35 1.8 Security Training of Stockpile Staff________________________________ 35 1.9 Assistance for Improving Stockpile Management and Security Procedures ____________________________________________________ 36
ANNEX 2 TEMPLATE FOR THE ANNUAL INFORMATION ON SALW
IDENTIFIED AS SURPLUS AND/OR SEIZED AND DESTROYED INTHE YEAR 2007 _______________________________________________ 37
ANNEX 3 TEMPLATE FOR THE ANNUAL INFORMATION ON SALWEXPORTS_____________________________________________________ 43
ANNEX 4 TEMPLATE FOR THE ANNUAL INFORMATION ON SALWIMPORTS _____________________________________________________ 44
Pursuant to German constitutional law, lawmaking in the field of war weaponry is a matter of exclusive federal legislation. The federal states (Länder) have the right to legislate in matters concerning Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) not designed as war weapons only to the extent to which the Federal Republic has refrained from legislating on the federal level; art. 74 (1) (4a) of the German Basic Law (Grundgesetz; official acronym: “GG”).
The German Weapons Act (Waffengesetz; official acronym: “WaffG”), as amended, and subsequent Ordinances implementing the Weapons Act, merely leave subsidiary space for state legislation in non-war SALW matters.
Provisions establishing obligations to mark firearms are contained in s. 13 WaffG. Pursuant to s. 13(1) WaffG, arms manufacturers and arms dealers are under an obligation to warrant that every firearm is marked with a sign containing data on—
• their name, a registered corporate name or a registered trademark of the arms manufacturer or arms dealer established in the area of application of the WaffG,
• the type of ammunition or ―if no ammunition is used― the type of projectiles, and a serial number.
Exceptions from these obligations are put forward in s. 14. The provisions in s. 15 determine the administrative competence to rule in weapons marking matters.
Provisions establishing obligations to mark war weapons are contained in s. 12 (7) (3) of the German War Weapons Control Act (Gesetz über die Kontrolle von Kriegswaffen; official acronym: “KrWaffKontrG ”) in conjunction with s. 13 of the Second Ordinance Implementing the War Weapons Control Act (Zweite Verordnung zur Durchführung des Gesetzes über die Kontrolle von Kriegswaffen). Contrary to municipal law on the marking of firearms, no exceptions are allowed from the obligation to mark war weapons. In most cases, marking of SALW items is only covered by firearms regulations, not by the law on war weapons.
1.1 Marks used on SALW
All war weapons as well as firearms commercially produced in or imported or otherwise transferred into Germany must be marked with the sign of the producer or the importer. The mark must be of a readily recognizable and permanent nature. The various German institutions
use the following markings:
1.1.1 Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) All armament of the Bundeswehr is unambiguously marked.
Each weapon bears the following information:
• weapon type,
• month and year of delivery ex works,
• serial number,
• proof firing stamp and
• possibly additional marks, such as, e.g., maintenance information.
The marks are applied in accordance with the standards of applicable technical manuals.
MANPADS (Man-Portable Air-Defence Systems), for example STRELA and IGLA type bear
the following information:
• serial number,
• additional marks, such as, e.g., maintenance information.
Exhibits 1.1.1:A through 1.1.1:J display not only extracts reproduced from these manuals but also photos of the respective types of arms and weapons.
1:E Location of marks on grenade gun Location of marks on grenade gun 1 Type designation 2 Property stamp 3 Manufacturing no.
4 Asterisk for system maintenance center 5 Month/year of manufacturing (right-hand side: month/year of major repair, monogram of maintenance center) 6 Proof firing stamp/inspection stamp 7 Manufacturer’s stamp 8 Mark for maodified catch 9 Proof firing stamp 10 Last 3 digits of item no.
1:F Location of marks on submachine gun (i) ―1975 series (i) ―1975 series Location of marks on submachine gun (ii) 1976― series (ii) 1976― series
battery cooling unit marking 8 original labeling + designation 9 W 17 + serial number 9 protective cap Exhibit 1.1.
1:J Location of marks on MANPADS III
1 original cyrillic designation 2 distance between eyes and peep sight 3 proper location of the cocking lever of the front and rear protective caps 4 color band, 15 mm wide, daffodil yellow, RAL 1007 5 color band, 15 mm wide, deer brown, RAL 8007
10 turning direction to remove protective cap 1.1.2 Federal Finance Administration In addition to the required data as described in § 1.1.1 supra, weapons in use with the Federal Finance Administration (Bundesfinanzverwaltung) are permanently marked with the acronym “BZV”.
Weapons built before the 1960s - at that time marked with the identification “BUND” - may also be still in use today.
Weapons designated for use in West Berlin until 1989, were not allowed to bear the identification marks mentioned above. Pistols were marked with “AK” (Alliierte Kommandantur = Allied Headquarter); sub-machine guns were only allowed to be delivered to West Berlin by foreign manufacturers and thus bore different foreign identification marks, e.g. “MAS” when built and delivered by a French manufacturer. As far as these weapons came to be in use with the Federal Finance Administration past 1989, they were additionally marked with “BZV”.
Revolvers only bear the serial number and proof firing stamp.
Under s. 13 (5) WaffG, all firearms in use with the Federal Customs Administration, the Federal Police (Bundespolizei) and the State Police Forces must carry the title holding authorities’ sign.
Pursuant to s. 7 (1) of the Third Weapons Ordinance 1991 (Dritte Verordnung zum Waffengesetz; official acronym: “3. WaffV”), as amended, a proof firing stamp as well as a property sign— e.g. “BMI” indicating that the weapon is in use with the Federal Ministry of the Interior —are stamped or engraved on all arms used by federal authorities. For examples of a proof firing stamp, see Exhibit 1.1.1: E supra and 1.1.3: A infra.
Arms of the police forces of the federal states (Länder) are marked with a state-specific sign of ownership containing an abbreviation —
• of the respective state and/or
• of the name of the institution.
E.g.: The abbreviations “HB” and “Pol.Br.” designate weapons in use with the police force of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, the smallest German state.
In the way indicated in Exhibit 1.1.3:A, the abbreviations “V,” “PN,” “L” and “J” are used to indicate proof firing after repair or replacement of the main parts of a firearm; s. 7 (2) 3. WaffV and Annex II to this ordinance.
3:A Sample proof firing mark
Serial numbers and other marks are stamped mechanically on the weapon with a pressure of up to 100 kilograms per square millimetre. The marks have a depth of 0.4 to 0.5 millimetres.
Laser engraved marks used for hardened materials have a depth of 0.025 millimetres. When designated for export to the United States of America, the engraving depth is not less than
In the case stamped or laser-engraved marks are completely ground off and thus no longer visible, it is possible to restore the original marks by chemical and technical means.
1.3 State Policy for Marking Unmarked Weapons If unmarked weapons are found, the competent authorities, as a rule, submit them to destruction, unless they are retained in order to be used for educational purposes of state police forces.
See § 1.1 supra.
1.5 Public Control over the Private Sector Marking The marking of firearms by industry is governed by s. 13 (1) through (4) WaffG. Arms manufacturers and arms dealers are under an obligation to warrant that every firearm produced to be used, sold or imported in the area of application of the WaffG is duly marked.