WWW.ABSTRACT.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstract, dissertation, book
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 7 |

«APHORISTIC COMPENDIUM A tribute to Juan Magariños Oscar Fernandez Aphoristic Compendium A tribute to Juan Magariños Dialogarts Publicações ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Oscar Fernandez

APHORISTIC COMPENDIUM

A tribute to Juan Magariños

Oscar Fernandez

Aphoristic Compendium

A tribute to Juan Magariños

Dialogarts Publicações

Copyrigth @ 2010 Oscar Fernandez

Publicações Dialogarts (http://www.dialogarts.uerj.br)

Project Coordinator

DarcIlia Simões – darciliasimoes@gmail.com

Project Co-coordinator:

Flavio García - flavgarc@gmail.com.br

Publishing Coordinator:

Cláudio Cezar Henriques – claudioc@bighost.com.br

Cover Project and Design:

Equipe Labsem - labsem.uerj@gmail.com

Dialogarts Logo:

Gisela Abad - gisela.abad@gmail.com

Grammar Revision:

Barbara Tannuri Maluf Simone Vieira Resende Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Centro de Educação e Humanidades Instituto de Letras Departamento de Língua Portuguesa, Literatura Portuguesa e Filologia Românica UERJ – SR3 – DEPEXT – Publicações DialogartsCATALOG RECORD F120 Aphoristic Compendium. Oscar Fernandez.

Translation: Barbara Tannuri, Maria Luisa S. Ramos e Simone Vieira – Rio de Janeiro: Dialogarts, 2010.

Publicações Dialogarts Bibliography ISBN: 978-85-8199-001-9

1. Semiotics. 2. Philosophy. 3. Science. 4. Biology. I.

Fernandez, Oscar. II.

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. III.

Departamento de Extensão. IV. Título CDD 120.121

Contact:

UERJ/IL/LIPO – a/C Darcilia Simões ou Flavio García Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524 sala 11.023 – B Maracanã – Rio de Janeiro – CEP 20 569-900 publicacoes.dialogarts@oi.com.br dialogarts@oi.com.br seminal@oi.com.br

CONTENTS

0. Preliminary 7

1. The Aphorism 8

2. Language and body 9

3. Living Being and Interaction 11

4. Science, Technology and Consciousness 15

5. Semiotics Interactions, Nature and Resemantization 18

6. Synesthesia 21

7. Aphorism and Poetry: A Metalinguistic approach 24

8. Laughter and tears are not antagonic. 34

9. Biosemiotic and complexity 36

10. Ecopolitics and complexity 39

11. What is new in the new rationality? 42

12. From ecological to meta-complex 46

–  –  –

18. Bibliography 87 Sentences, maxims, sayings, adages, principles, rules, axioms, fragments, epigrams, oracles, aphorisms, in short, the many names for this minor and difficult genre, but one with a longbackground dating back to Hippocrates. AndrésSánchez Pascual defined its three characteristics:didactic concision, critical agility and illustrated tendency.

(José Biedma López)

0. PRELIMINARY The philosophical biology is a study field that has a transdiciplinary tendency from which is possible to observe the emergence of new paradigms in biology, according to the worldviews of Fritjof Capra. Those paradigms have an influence on the cultural reality of humanity. From this perspective, the relationships between science & art, biopolitics & society, bioethics & education, science, ethics & society, among others, bring us closer to the complementarity view to a perspective that seeks to harmonize ideas and feelings once antagonistic (CartesianNewtonian Paradigm), in order to prove a complex and also dynamic configuration which permanently autogenerates and auto-organizes itself.

That way, the materials presented today are a discursive intent to and for showing the existing complex plot in these relationships, which turns the philosophical reflection into a multimorphic and polyvalent enterprise.

This is the beginning of a new adventure. Welcome to the spirilic view of life. Welcome to life.

–  –  –

The movement direction is determined by a voting class among the cells, the colony moves towards the direction elected by the majority” (Jesper Hoffmeyer and Claus Emmeche). Biosemiotics: the metaphor of life or the semiotics of nature. (The Biosemiotics Group).

Perception is a fundamental trait for the comprehension of signical-interpretive processes of matter organization as a whole; we should, therefore, be clear about the fact that those interpretations do, and always will, go through the human neuron system.

Such interpretations will be drenched with emotions, beliefs and ideologies, though not openly expressed.

The search for regularities has absorbed most of the investigation time, while irregularities have usually been left out; this is something to be taken into account if, in fact, we wish to have a new science.

Aphoristic Compendium | Oscar Fernandez

2. LANGUAGE AND BODY

Language is also a trap and theoretical biology has said little or nothing about it. The Umwelt (Subjective world, according to Uexküll) is both, integrative and diverging at the same time. The differences and the similarities between individual organisms and species are always present, and yet it still shows some harmonic patterns which allow the theoretical proximity.

The relationship Umwelt-organism feeds the world that creates them, turning this spirilic interaction (recursive/retroactive) into a sign-symbolic exchange which changes along with the subjective mind of his interpreter/ interpretant.





The basic meaning that, according to Uexküll, attributes each organism to the Umwelt, can be diversified to each one of the organisms, depending on the environmental conditions and whether it consists of an individual and /or collective relationship to be observed.

What is denominated by Uexküll as functional circle, I call functional spiral.

Actions or mental concepts, whatever came first? The body of each organism consists of a set of many universes interacting with one another.

Aphoristic Compendium | Oscar Fernandez The individual and/or collective subjectivity forms the way of the perception derived from the biosemiotic in the constitutive Umwelt of life.

We should learn with the Volvox democratic system (colonial multicelullar organism). When do we lose the Volvoxic sense of life?

Though it is true that biology has demonstrated that it is from the simple structures, such as bacteria (regarded as an evolutionary perspective) that we can study superior organisms through extrapolation; it is also true that such focus can’t be taken linearly, and that the inter-level relations which may allow such extrapolation, should be taken into consideration.

Social movements are hipercycles (hipercycle is a concept introduced by Eigen e Schuster (1979), which shows us that every organism is the result of the cooperation among a variety of self-regulating autocatalytic systems).

A cancerous tumor is more than a conglomeration of cells that grows uncontrollably, according to Raskesh Jain;

it is an organ that protects itself through a wall of tubes.

An organism is able to change the very world that creates it, co-creating itself with the rest of the surrounding organisms and with whatever co-exists with it symbiotically. Human being: an ecosystem of ecosystems.

–  –  –

The living being is the instance for the required interaction;

There is no life outside cooperation; the rest is just neo Darwinian bias.

There has got to be a distinction between culture and civilization.

Culture is a set of beliefs and values pertaining to a community in particular. Civilization is what can be transmitted from one

community to another:

techniques, knowledge, science, etc. For instance, the western civilization I refer to, which has also globalized itself, is the one defined by its scientific, technical and economical development set.

And it is this very civilization that, nowadays, has contributed with more negative than positive effects, that needs renovation, in other words, a civilization policy.

–  –  –

We must create articulated minds rather than divided ones, incapable of establishing the dialog between instrumental and content.

The former ones, underdeveloped.

–  –  –

Aphoristic Compendium | Oscar Fernandez The evident necessity of a shift in how to see and do politics in the world is most obvious; at the moment, the capitalist world is experiencing one of its worst crises, which also affects its values system. The competence, depredation, and the survival of the more capable ones are placed under suspicion whenever the latter can see the other side of the coin, especially in the so-called first world countries (a concept that needs to be revised, just as developed countries do too).

Unlikely many might believe, the symbiotic relations (mutualism and/or cooperation), are much more frequent in nature than in human skills. I am not trying to say that there are no skills, but that this western civilization has primarily privileged skill rather than cooperation, as one of the fundamental values.

Cooperation is viewed as a sign of weakness, or as a hesitant tool used to destroy the enemy (army, sports group). Under this perspective, the possibilities to conduct a change that enables us to see the potentials of others, not as a threat, but as an opportunity, are not, at this point, very close at hand as we wish it could be.

That is the reason why the idea of a civilizing policy that unites rather than confront us, is more than necessary, it is imperative. The review of this form/structure passes through the review of former valid and immutable Aphoristic Compendium | Oscar Fernandez values/beliefs; in such sense, a civilizing course is also an essentially ethical course.

Nothing new has been said so far, once the crisis of values has been discussed for some time now, and that is why the change needs to be profound; for instance, on

one hand, we have been lectured about virtues, such as:

respect among people, honesty, solidarity, etc.; however, in a tacit matter, they encourage us to compete, and that is when those supposed ideal virtues are significantly reversed by skills; this is when we may find individuals that are able to be more honest, respectable or supportive than others and, in the pursue of such need, are able to do whatever it takes to obtain it.

Therefore, that enables us to see how skills actually were, and still are, a mechanical essence of almost all human actions. They certainly play an important role in our evolution, but they are not, to my understanding, the most important ones. Skills are usually additives, of a nearly instinctive nature;

I surprised myself, trying to walk faster than another person on the street, only for the pleasure of doing so.

And that does not concern a matter of good or evil, but the possibility of observing and using it, from a much more aware than instinctive perspective. This all leads us to a paradox of our society, which is essentially Aphoristic Compendium | Oscar Fernandez competitive, a paradox that consists of the obligation of being competitive or else, be outrun.

All of this is possible once we observe situations through a competitor’s perspective. I might be meddling into a spiritual affair, which, by the way, is one often neglected by competitors, for it is considered unimportant; on the other hand, there are others who believe the spiritual consists of invoking a Deity (saint in Christianity) to win the confrontation or the conflagration; but those do no more than turn this competitive instance into a magical-religious belief that it is, curiously, contrary to the very same religious rules;

for example: the wars in the name of God.

In this field, there is man and woman, god/goddess that as limited and egocentric beings, create deities in his image and likeness, and not the other way round.

A path is just a path, and it is not shameful, neither for your own self, nor for others, to give it up, if your heart tells you so... Thoroughly observe each of them (read the paths). Put them to the test as many times as you think you should. Then, ask yourself, and nobody else: Is there a heart in this path? If it is such, it is a good path; if not, it is good for nothing. (Carlos Castañeda. The Teachings of Don Juan) Aphoristic Compendium | Oscar Fernandez The civilizing spin is not just a political one, but also a spiritual spin, and it is where the former trivial and superfluous demands a relevant concernment; we cruise up to the outer space of forgetfulness, where we rescue poetry, magic, beliefs, cooperation, mutual respect, complementarily, silence, and peace, not as metaphor but as part of a reality that pulsates with us in every step, in every breath. What we do or think should also go through this review, once it is proved that we are essentially contradictory beings; and we understand ourselves as such, when we believe the division of labor helps reinforce this condition. In western society, we find individuals that dedicate themselves to think for others and there are the ones who dedicate themselves to do for others; the division that seemed to be, at first, a functional cut, established itself in the human soul emphasizing an existential division of humanity.

4. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND

CONSCIOUSNESS

Science with consciousness, science or antiscience, subversive science, multi-science, trans-science, etc, are just some epithets that could go along with the title above, and that, out of respect for the readers, Aphoristic Compendium | Oscar Fernandez were kept for the sake of the humble development of those ideas that aim originality.

We intended to gather some of them, which, throughout the history of mankind, allow us to present other possible scientific and technological perspectives for a better world, not only for humans, but also for all planetary existence.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 7 |


Similar works:

«Regulation and function of ammonium carriers in bacteria, fungi, and plants Nicolaus von Wirén and Mike Merrick Abstract The ammonium transport (Amt) family of proteins comprises a unique and ubiquitous group of integral membrane proteins found in all domains of life. They are present in bacteria, archaea, fungi, plants, and animals, including humans where they are represented by the Rhesus proteins. The Amt proteins have a variety of functions. In bacteria and fungi, they act to scavenge...»

«Proc. 1st Int. Workshop Machine Learning for Systems Biology MLSB'07, Evry (F), 2007, pp. 47-52. Artificial Regulatory Networks Evolution Yolanda S´nchez-Dehesa1, Lo¨ Cerf1, Jos´-Mar´ Pe˜a2, Jean-Fran¸ois a ıc e ıa n c Boulicaut1, and Guillaume Beslon1 INSA-Lyon, LIRIS CNRS UMR5205, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France DATSI, Universidad Polit´cnica de Madrid, 28660, Spain e Abstract. Genetic network inference is one of the main challenges for computer scientists in cellular biology. We...»

«INAUGURAL DISSERTATION zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde der Naturwissenschaftlich Mathematischen Gesamtfakultät der Ruprecht Karls Universität Heidelberg vorgelegt von DiplomBiologe GERHARD WINGENDER aus: Scheßlitz Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 26.06.2003 Thema: Immunbiologie hepatischer Natürlicher Killer T(NKT-) Zellen Gutachter: Prof. Dr. Günter J. Hämmerling Prof. Dr. Percy A. Knolle Danksagung Ich danke Herrn Prof. Dr. Percy A. Knolle und Herrn Prof. Dr. Günter J. Hämmerling für das...»

«MEGAN E. CATTAU Columbia University, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology 10th Floor Schermerhorn Extension, 1200 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY USA : mec2201@columbia.edu • : 706.338.9436 Career interests: Geospatial analysis, landscape ecology, restoration ecology, payments for ecosystem services, tropical forest ecology, conservation biology, forest resource management; nature reserve design and land management; remote sensing; land use change; global change...»

«T E ST IM ONY R Anthrax Attacks, Biological Terrorism and Preventive Responses John Parachini CT-186 November 2001 The RAND testimony series contains the statements of RAND staff members as prepared for delivery. RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND’s publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of its research sponsors. Published 2001 by RAND 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA...»

«diplomarbeit_wenzelgruber Zusammenfassung Lachgas (N2O) ist ein Treibhausgas (ca. 300 Mal stärker als CO2) und bedeutend an der Zerstörung der stratosphärischen Ozonschicht beteiligt. In der biologischen Stufe von Abwasserreinigungsanlagen (ARA) werden relevante Mengen an N2O emittiert. Die N2OBildung ist sehr komplex und nur ansatzweise verstanden. Es wird aber davon ausgegangen, dass hauptsächlich die Nitrifikation eine dominante Quelle darstellt. In der vorliegenden Masterarbeit wurde...»

«DIPLOMARBEIT Identification of factors involved in mammalian X chromosome inactivation angestrebter akademischer Grad Magistra der Naturwissenschaften (Mag. rer.nat.) Verfasserin: Renate Härtel Matrikel-Nummer: 9949191 Studienrichtung: Molekulare Biologie (A490) Betreuer: Anton Wutz Wien, November 2008-11-25 Formular Nr.: A.04 Zusammenfassung X-Chromosom-Inaktivierung ist der Vorgang, bei dem die unterschiedlichen Genmengen zwischen weiblichen (XX) und männlichen (XY) Säugern kompensiert...»

«THE DIPHYLETIC NATURE OF THE INFRAORDER THALASSINIDEA (DECAPODA, PLEOCYEMATA) AS DERIVED FROM THE MORPHOLOGY OF THE GASTRIC MILL BY K. SAKAI Biological Laboratory, Shikoku University, Tokushima 771-1192, Japan ABSTRACT A comparison of the gastric mill in some representative species of the Thalassinidea, indicates that the Thalassinidea are possibly diphyletic, consisting of the superfamily Callianassoidea Dana, 1852, including the families Callianassidae Dana, 1852, Axiidae Huxley, 1879,...»

«Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 7 (2012) 234 250 International Journal of ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE www.electrochemsci.org A New Modified Electrode with a Copolymer of Aniline / Fe(III)-Tetrakis(Para-Aminophenyl)Porphyrin: Test of Its Electrocatalytic Activity Toward the Reduction of Molecular Oxygen and Oxidation of Ascorbic Acid and Sulfite Ion. Mauricio Lucero1, Maritza Riquelme1, Galo Ramírez2, M.Carmen Goya3, Alejandro González Orive3, Alberto Hernández Creus3, M.Carmen Arévalo3,*, María J....»

«ABSTRACT Title of Dissertation: NOVEL APPROACHES TO STUDYING BIODIVERSITY IN REMOTE AREAS: DISTRIBUTION OF LICHENS AND PENGUINS ACROSS THE ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Paula Victoria Casanovas, Doctor of Philosophy 2013 Directed By: Dr. William F. Fagan, Department of Biology, University of Maryland and Dr. Heather J. Lynch, Department of Ecology & Evolution, Stony Brook University Biodiversity inventories are a critical resource, providing baseline information for assessing environmental changes over...»

«Technische Universität München Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie Abteilung Strukturforschung Biologische NMR-Arbeitsgruppe Structural Investigations on Green Fluorescent Protein Variants and the Adenylyl CyclaseAssociated Protein Dorota Ksiazek Vollständiger Abdruck der von der Fakultät für Chemie der Technischen Universität München zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades eines Doktors der Naturwissenschaften genehmigten Dissertation....»

«      Geophagy of tropical fruit-eating bats – mineral licks as a link between ecology and conservation Dissertation zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades des Doktors der Naturwissenschaften (Dr. rer. nat.) eingereicht im Fachbereich Biologie, Chemie, Pharmazie der Freien Universität Berlin vorgelegt von Simon Joseph Ghanem aus Bonn Duisdorf       Diese Dissertation wurde am Leibniz-Institut für Zoound Wildtierforschung in Berlin in dem Zeitraum 01.09.2008 bis 30.03.2012 unter der...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.abstract.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Abstract, dissertation, book

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.